Visual distraction effects of in-car text entry methods : Comparing keyboard, handwriting and voice recognition
Kujala, T., & Grahn, H. (2017). Visual distraction effects of in-car text entry methods : Comparing keyboard, handwriting and voice recognition. In S. Boll, B. Pfleging, B. Donmez, I. Politis, & D. Large (Eds.), AutomotiveUI '17 : Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications (pp. 1-10). ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/3122986.3122987
© 2017 Association for Computing Machinery. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by ACM. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Three text entry methods were compared in a driving simulator study with 17 participants. Ninety-seven drivers’ occlusion distance (OD) data mapped on the test routes was used as a baseline to evaluate the methods’ visual distraction potential. Only the voice recognition-based text entry tasks passed the set verification criteria. Handwriting tasks were experienced as the most demanding and the voice recognition tasks as the least demanding. An individual in-car glance length preference was found, but against expectations, drivers’ ODs did not correlate with incar glance lengths or visual short-term memory capacity. The handwriting method was further studied with 24 participants with instructions and practice on writing eyeson-road. The practice did not affect the test results. The findings suggest that handwriting could be visually less demanding than touch screen typing but the reliability of character recognition should be improved or the driver well-experienced with the method to minimize its distraction potential. ...
Parent publication ISBN978-1-4503-5150-8
ConferenceInternational Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications
Is part of publicationAutomotiveUI '17 : Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Impacts of Touch Screen Size, User Interface Design, and Subtask Boundaries on In-Car Task's Visual Demand and Driver Distraction Grahn, Hilkka; Kujala, Tuomo (Elsevier, 2020)Visual distraction by secondary in-car tasks is a major contributing factor in traffic incidents. In-car user interface design may mitigate these negative effects but to accomplish this, design factors’ visual distraction ...
Kujala, Tuomo; Grahn, Hilkka; Mäkelä, Jakke; Lasch, Annegret (Association for Computing Machinery, 2016)This is the first controlled quantitative analysis on the visual distraction effects of audio-visual route guidance in simulated, but ecologically realistic driving scenarios with dynamic maneuvers and self-controlled ...
Visual Distraction Effects between In-Vehicle Tasks with a Smartphone and a Motorcycle Helmet-Mounted Head-Up Display Grahn, Hilkka; Kujala, Tuomo (Association for Computing Machinery, 2018)Besides motorists, also motorcyclists need safer user interfaces to interact with useful applications on the road. In this paper, distraction effects of in-vehicle tasks conducted with a head-up display (HUD) for ...
Grahn, Hilkka; Taipalus, Toni (Elsevier, 2021)Driver distraction is a recognized cause of traffic accidents. Although the well-known guidelines for measuring distraction of secondary in-car tasks were published by the United States National Highway Traffic Safety ...
The Attentional Demand of Automobile Driving Revisited: Occlusion Distance as a Function of Task- Relevant Event Density in Realistic Driving Scenarios Kujala, Tuomo; Mäkelä, Jakke; Kotilainen, Ilkka; Tokkonen, Timo (Sage Publications, Inc.; Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2016)Objective: We studied the utility of occlusion distance as a function of task-relevant event density in realistic traffic scenarios with self-controlled speed. Background: The visual occlusion technique is an established ...