When Empathy Matters : The Role of Sex and Empathy in Close Friendships
Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P. D., Sahdra, B. K., Kashdan, T. B., Kiuru, N., & Conigrave, J. (2017). When Empathy Matters : The Role of Sex and Empathy in Close Friendships. Journal of Personality, 85(4), 494-504. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12255
Published inJournal of Personality
© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Wiley. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Based on prior theory and research (Ciarrochi & Heaven, 2009; Eagly & Wood, 1999), we hypothesized that the link between empathy and friendship would be moderated by sex: Girls will nominate empathic boys as friends, whereas boys will not tend to nominate empathic girls. We collected measures of empathy, friendship social support, and close friendship nominations in grade 10 across 1,970 students in 16 schools (Mage = 15.70, SD = .44; males = 993, females = 977). Multilevel models revealed that boys high in cognitive empathy attracted an average of 1.8 more girl friendship nominations than did their low empathy counterparts, whereas empathic girls did not attract a greater number of opposite-sex friends. In addition, the more friendship nominations a boy received from either boys or girls, the more they felt supported by their friends; the number of friendship nominations received by girls, in contrast, had no effect on their felt support by friends. Regardless of the quantity of friendship nominations, empathy was linked to more supportive friendships for both males and females. These results inform a contextual understanding of the role of empathy in selecting and maintaining friendships. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Refugee children's friendships and the historical context of their migrations : qualitative case study of Congolese children's current friendships in Finland and past experiences as refugees in Rwanda, 1996-2012 Mitrunen, Maiju (2013)Tutkijat ovat osoittaneet, että sosiaalisen tuen sekä vuorovaikutus- ja vertaissuhteiden merkityksestä sodasta kärsineiden lasten elämässä tarvitaan lisätutkimusta. Oheinen kvalitatiivinen tapaustutkimus pienentää tätä ...
Intercultural empathy between Palestinian and Israeli individuals : a qualitative study utilizing grounded theory Jackson, Kelsea Jayne (2017)This study addresses intercultural empathy as a concept, and if or how it might be present among conflicting parties, specifically between Palestinian and Israeli individuals. Since there are many definitions of the word ...
A comparative analysis between Finns and Chinese : how communication traits affect self-disclosure in intercultural friendships? Cui, Xuejun (2016)Self-disclosure, or the process revealing personal information about oneself to another, plays a vital role in friendship formation and maintenance, and cultured self-disclosure has been proven to be a powerful factor ...
Dickson, Daniel J.; Huey, Melissa; Laursen, Brett; Kiuru, Noona; Nurmi, Jari-Erik (American Psychological Association, 2018)The present study examines whether characteristics of parents predict the stability of a child’s best friendships across the primary school years. Participants included 1,523 Finnish children (766 boys) who reported ...