Examining Bridge Employment From a Self-employment Perspective : Evidence From the Health and Retirement Study
von Bonsdorff, M., Zhan, Y., Song, Y., & Wang, M. (2017). Examining Bridge Employment From a Self-employment Perspective : Evidence From the Health and Retirement Study. Work, Aging and Retirement, 3 (3), 298-312. doi:10.1093/workar/wax012
Published inWork, Aging and Retirement
DisciplineGerontologia ja kansanterveys
© The Authors 2017. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by OUP. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
This study examines bridge employment decision-making from a self-employment perspective using 3 prominent retirement theories, the life course perspective, continuity theory and role theory. Focusing on self-employment extends the current theoretical understanding of bridge employment and offers interesting implications for retirement policy-making. Specifically, using longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (n = 2,080), we conducted multinomial regression analysis to examine who were more/less likely to fully retire, enter bridge employment in the wage-and-salary form, or enter bridge employment in the self-employment form. Furthermore, we examined the role of pre-retirement self-employment status, to provide us with more information on the very much understudied retirement process of entrepreneurs and self-employed workforce. Our findings indicated that self-employment can be considered as an independent form of bridge employment, apart from bridge employment in wage-and-salary jobs. Furthermore, the decision to enter different forms of bridge employment, including self-employment, may stem from a variety of antecedents. Practical implications of this study are also discussed. ...
PublisherOxford University Press
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