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dc.contributor.authorChan, Derwin K. C.
dc.contributor.authorLee, Alfred S. Y.
dc.contributor.authorTang, Tracy C. W.
dc.contributor.authorGucciardi, Daniel F.
dc.contributor.authorYung, Patrick S. H.
dc.contributor.authorHagger, Martin
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-03T05:50:51Z
dc.date.available2017-07-03T05:50:51Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationChan, D. K. C., Lee, A. S. Y., Tang, T. C. W., Gucciardi, D. F., Yung, P. S. H., & Hagger, M. (2017). Paper vs. Pixel: Can We Use a Pen-and-Paper Method to Measure Athletes' Implicit Doping Attitude?. <em>Frontiers in Psychology</em>, 8, 876. <a href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00876">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00876</a>
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_74336
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/54792
dc.description.abstractDoping attitude is an individual’s subjective evaluation (e.g., good or bad, useful or useless) toward the use of prohibited performance-enhancing substances or methods in sports. Research on doping attitude has traditionally relied on self-report questionnaire methods to measure the construct (Ntoumanis et al., 2014; Chan et al., 2015). However, as doping in sport is illegal (World AntiDoping Agency, 2015) and perceived as socially unacceptable, athletes who hold positive attitudes toward doping are less likely to reveal them to others. As a result explicit measures of doping attitude are susceptible to potential bias as athletes may respond in a socially desirable fashion (Petróczi and Aidman, 2009; Gucciardi et al., 2010). To counter such bias, implicit measures such as the implicit association test (IAT; Greenwald et al., 1998) have been developed to capture individuals’ non-conscious attitudes toward doping (Brand et al., 2014a,b; Schindler et al., 2015). The current paper aims to introduce a paper-and-pen IAT which could potentially serve as alternative method to the traditional computer-IAT for measuring athletes’ doping attitude.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherFrontiers Research Foundation
dc.relation.ispartofseriesFrontiers in Psychology
dc.subject.otherurheilijat
dc.subject.otherdoping
dc.subject.otherasenteet
dc.subject.otherpsykologiset testit
dc.subject.otherassosiaatio
dc.subject.otherimplicit association test
dc.subject.otherpaper-and-pen IAT
dc.subject.otherautomatic awareness to doping
dc.titlePaper vs. Pixel: Can We Use a Pen-and-Paper Method to Measure Athletes' Implicit Doping Attitude?
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201706303190
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineLiikuntapsykologia
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2017-06-30T09:15:16Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn1664-1078
dc.relation.volume8
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2017 Chan, Lee, Tang, Gucciardi, Yung and Hagger. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00876


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© 2017 Chan, Lee, Tang, Gucciardi, Yung and Hagger. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017 Chan, Lee, Tang, Gucciardi, Yung and Hagger. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).