Longitudinal interactions between brain and cognitive measures on reading development from 6 months to 14 years
Lohvansuu, K., Hämäläinen, J., Ervast, L., Lyytinen, H., & Leppänen, P. H. (2018). Longitudinal interactions between brain and cognitive measures on reading development from 6 months to 14 years. Neuropsychologia, 108, 6-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.11.018
DisciplinePsykologiaMonitieteinen aivotutkimuskeskusPsychologyCentre for Interdisciplinary Brain Research
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Elsevier Ltd. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Dyslexia is a neurobiological disorder impairing learning to read. Brain responses of infants at genetic risk for dyslexia are abnormal already at birth, and associations from infant speech perception to preschool cognitive skills and reading in early school years have been documented, but there are no studies showing predicting power until adolescence. Here we show that in at-risk infants, brain activation to pseudowords at left hemisphere predicts 44% of reading speed at 14 years, and even improves the prediction after taking into account neurocognitive preschool measures of letter naming, phonology, and verbal short-term memory. The association between infant brain responses and reading speed is mediated by preschool rapid automatized naming ability. Therefore, we suggest that rapid naming and reading speed could share a similar cognitive process of automatized access to lexicon via phonological representations, and brain activation to speech sounds in infancy probably acts as an index of deficient development of the same process. ...
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Brain Source Correlates of Speech Perception and Reading Processes in Children With and Without Reading Difficulties Azaiez, Najla; Loberg, Otto; Hämäläinen, Jarmo A.; Leppänen, Paavo H. T. (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2022)Neural correlates in reading and speech processing have been addressed extensively in the literature. While reading skills and speech perception have been shown to be associated with each other, their relationship remains ...
Brain event-related potentials to phoneme contrasts and their correlation to reading skills in school-age children Hämäläinen, Jarmo; Landi, Nicole; Loberg, Otto; Lohvansuu, Kaisa; Pugh, Kenneth; Leppänen, Paavo H.T. (Sage Publications Ltd., 2018)Development of reading skills has been shown to be tightly linked to phonological processing skills and to some extent to speech perception abilities. Although speech perception is also known to play a role in reading ...
Brain responses to speech sounds in infants and children with and without familial risk for dyslexia Lohvansuu, Kaisa (University of Jyväskylä, 2015)Dyslexia, a specific reading disability, runs in families. Therefore, the risk for a child to become dyslexic increases multifold if reading difficulties occur in the family. One risk factor for dyslexia is a deficit in ...
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Infant Event-Related Potentials to Speech are Associated with Prelinguistic Development Kailaheimo-Lönnqvist, Linda; Virtala, Paula; Fandakova, Yana; Partanen, Eino; Leppänen, Paavo H.T.; Thiede, Anja; Kujala, Teija (Elsevier BV, 2020)Neural auditory processing and prelinguistic communication build the foundation for later language development, but how these two are associated is not well known. The current study investigated how neural speech processing ...