Azimuthally Differential Pion Femtoscopy in Pb-Pb Collisions at √sNN = 2.76 TeV
ALICE Collaboration. (2017). Azimuthally Differential Pion Femtoscopy in Pb-Pb Collisions at √sNN = 2.76 TeV. Physical Review Letters, 118 (22), 222301. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.222301
Published inPhysical Review Letters
Rak, Jan |
© 2017 CERN, for the ALICE Collaboration. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons License.
We present the first azimuthally differential measurements of the pion source size relative to the second harmonic event plane in Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon-nucleon pair of √ s N N = 2.76 TeV . The measurements have been performed in the centrality range 0%–50% and for pion pair transverse momenta 0.2 < k T < 0.7 GeV / c . We find that the R side and R out radii, which characterize the pion source size in the directions perpendicular and parallel to the pion transverse momentum, oscillate out of phase, similar to what was observed at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The final-state source eccentricity, estimated via R side oscillations, is found to be significantly smaller than the initial-state source eccentricity, but remains positive—indicating that even after a stronger expansion in the in-plane direction, the pion source at the freeze-out is still elongated in the out-of-plane direction. The 3 + 1 D hydrodynamic calculations are in qualitative agreement with observed centrality and transverse momentum R side oscillations, but systematically underestimate the oscillation magnitude. ...