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dc.contributor.authorHakala, Juha
dc.contributor.authorLeivo, Marjaana
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-29T07:01:14Z
dc.date.available2017-05-29T07:01:14Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationHakala, J., & Leivo, M. (2017). Tensions in the New Millennium : Inclusion Ideology and Education Policy in the Finnish Comprehensive School. <i>Journal of Education and Learning</i>, <i>6</i>(3), 287-298. <a href="https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v6n3p287" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v6n3p287</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_27022481
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_73887
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/54149
dc.description.abstractThis article examines the discrepancy between the ideology of inclusive education and the national education policy in the Finnish comprehensive school education. The study covers twenty years and is based on observations that indicate that the change in comprehensive school education, grounded in inclusive education ideals, has been slow. This has been the case, even though Finnish education policy has, on principle, committed to many international statements that promote inclusion ideology. The data consists primarily of statistics indicating the number of students in special education and national and international research on the subject. It confirms our supposition, but also the fact that statistics are not merely challenging but also capable of distorting reality. While examining the changes in student quantities over the last twenty years, we came to the conclusion that the fluctuation does not result from any real growth in student numbers. Changes in statistical methods, terminology in the field of study, norms, education systems or even social phenomena can also cause distortion.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherCanadian Center of Science and Education
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Education and Learning
dc.subject.otherinclusive education
dc.titleTensions in the New Millennium : Inclusion Ideology and Education Policy in the Finnish Comprehensive School
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201705262505
dc.contributor.laitosKokkolan yliopistokeskus Chydeniusfi
dc.contributor.laitosKokkola University Consortium Chydeniusen
dc.contributor.oppiaineKasvatustieteiden yksikköfi
dc.contributor.oppiaineThe Unit of Educationen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2017-05-26T12:15:05Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange287-298
dc.relation.issn1927-5250
dc.relation.numberinseries3
dc.relation.volume6
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2017 Juha T. Hakala, Marjaana Leivo. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons License.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoperuskoulu
dc.subject.ysokoulutuspolitiikka
dc.subject.ysoinkluusio
dc.subject.ysokoulukulttuuri
dc.subject.ysoerityisopetus
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2518
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p249
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p18355
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p21845
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p6984
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.5539/jel.v6n3p287


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© 2017 Juha T. Hakala, Marjaana Leivo. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017 Juha T. Hakala, Marjaana Leivo. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons License.