Two-neutrino ββ decays and low-lying Gamow-Teller β− strength functions in the mass range A=70–176
Delion, D. S., & Suhonen, J. (2017). Two-neutrino ββ decays and low-lying Gamow-Teller β− strength functions in the mass range A=70–176. Physical Review C, 95 (3), 034330. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.95.034330
Published inPhysical Review C
© 2017 American Physical Society. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
We apply the proton-neutron deformed quasiparticle random-phase approximation (pn-dQRPA) to describe the low-lying (E 6 MeV) 1+ Gamow-Teller (GT) strength functions in odd-odd deformed nuclei which participate as intermediate nuclei in two-neutrino double-β-decay (2νββ) transitions within the mass range A = 70–176. In deriving equations of motion we use a single-particle basis with projected angular momentum, provided by the diagonalization of a spherical mean field furnished with a quadrupole-quadrupole interaction. The schematic residual Hamiltonian contains pairing and proton-neutron interaction terms in particle-hole (ph) and particle-particle (pp) channels, with constant strengths. By adopting constant particle-hole and particle-particle strengths we are able to describe the positions of the giant GT resonance and the measured half-lives of the 2νββ decays over the whole mass range A = 70–176. At the same time we obtain a good agreement with the measured low-lying GT β− strength functions. By using the adopted ph and pp strengths, we predict the half-lives of a number of deformed 2νββ emitters and the low-lying GT strength functions of the corresponding odd-odd intermediate nuclei for their possible experimental tests in the future. ...