Varieties of universalism : post-1990s developments in the initial school-based model of VET in Finland and Sweden and implications for transitions to the world of work and higher education
Virolainen, M., & Thunqvist, D. P. (2017). Varieties of universalism : post-1990s developments in the initial school-based model of VET in Finland and Sweden and implications for transitions to the world of work and higher education. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 69 (1), 47-63. doi:10.1080/13636820.2016.1238836
Published inJournal of Vocational Education and Training
© 2016 The Vocational Aspect of Education Ltd. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Taylor & Francis. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
The Nordic countries are often referred to as a group even though their education systems and training models are very different. The aim of this study is to advance understanding of those differences and compare the developments and organisation of initial vocational education and training (IVET) in Finland and Sweden since the 1990s as examples of school-based models of IVET in statist regimes. The research questions address the following: how these two countries have institutionalised school-based IVET since the 1990s; the kinds of legislative reforms that have been decisive for the construction of school-based IVET; and how the models of school-based IVET in these two countries allow access to higher education and the world of work. The analysis shows the heterogeneity of the statist model of school-based IVET systems in two Nordic countries and underlines differences with respect to school-to-work transitions between IVET and different labour market sectors.