The evolution of transmission mode
Antonovics, J., Wilson, A. J., Forbes, M. R., Hauffe, H. C., Kallio, E., Leggett, H. C., Longdon, B., Okamura, B., Sait, S. M., & Webster, J. P. (2017). The evolution of transmission mode. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 372(1719), Article 0083. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0083
© 2017 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
This article reviews research on the evolutionary mechanisms leading to different transmission modes. Such modes are often under genetic control of the host or the pathogen, and often in conflict with each other via trade-offs. Transmission modes may vary among pathogen strains and among host populations. Evolutionary changes in transmission mode have been inferred through experimental and phylogenetic studies, including changes in transmission associated with host shifts and with evolution of the unusually complex life cycles of many parasites. Understanding the forces that determine the evolution of particular transmission modes presents a fascinating medley of problems for which there is a lack of good data and often a lack of conceptual understanding or appropriate methodologies. Our best information comes from studies that have been focused on the vertical versus horizontal transmission dichotomy. With other kinds of transitions, theoretical approaches combining epidemiology and population genetics are providing guidelines for determining when and how rapidly new transmission modes may evolve, but these are still in need of empirical investigation and application to particular cases. Obtaining such knowledge is a matter of urgency in relation to extant disease threats. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Opening the black box: re-examining the ecology and evolution of parasite transmission’. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Wang, Yingying X.G.; Matson, Kevin D.; Santini, Luca; Visconti, Piero; Hilbers, Jelle P.; Huijbregts, Mark A.J.; Xu, Yanjie; Prins, Herbert H.T.; Allen, Toph; Huang, Zheng. Y.X.; de Boer, Willem F. (Wiley, 2021)As a source of emerging infectious diseases, wildlife assemblages (and related spatial patterns) must be quantitatively assessed to help identify high-risk locations. Previous assessments have largely focussed on the ...
Merikanto, Ilona; Laakso, Jouni; Kaitala, Veijo (BioMed Central, 2018)Background Environmentally growing pathogens present an increasing threat for human health, wildlife and food production. Treating the hosts with antibiotics or parasitic bacteriophages fail to eliminate diseases that ...
Karvonen, Anssi; Marcogliese, David J. (CABI, 2020)This book chapter describes various aspects of diplostomiasis caused by Diplostomum spathaceum: diagnosis, epidemiology, life cycle, transmission, developmental stages, population dynamics, effects of climate change on ...
Effect of resource availability on evolution of virulence and competition in an environmentally transmitted pathogen Pulkkinen, Katja; Pekkala, Nina; Ashrafi, Roghaieh; Hämäläinen, Dorrit M.; Nkembeng, Aloysius N.; Lipponen, Anssi; Hiltunen, Teppo; Valkonen, Janne; Taskinen, Jouni (Federation of European Microbiological Societies; Oxford University Press, 2018)Understanding ecological and epidemiological factors driving pathogen evolution in contemporary time scales is a major challenge in modern health management. Pathogens that replicate outside the hosts are subject to selection ...
New multilocus phylogeny reorganises the family Macrobiotidae (Eutardigrada) and unveils complex morphological evolution of the Macrobiotus hufelandi group Stec, Daniel; Vecchi, Matteo; Calhim, Sara; Michalczyk, Łukasz (Elsevier BV, 2021)The family Macrobiotidae is one of the most speciose and diverse groups among tardigrades. Although there have been attempts to reconstruct the phylogeny of this family, the evolutionary relationships within Macrobiotidae ...