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dc.contributor.authorAntonovics, Janis
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Anthony J.
dc.contributor.authorForbes, Mark R.
dc.contributor.authorHauffe, Heidi C.
dc.contributor.authorKallio, Eva
dc.contributor.authorLeggett, Helen C.
dc.contributor.authorLongdon, Ben
dc.contributor.authorOkamura, Beth
dc.contributor.authorSait, Steven M.
dc.contributor.authorWebster, Joanne P.
dc.identifier.citationAntonovics, J., Wilson, A. J., Forbes, M. R., Hauffe, H. C., Kallio, E., Leggett, H. C., . . . Webster, J. P. (2017). The evolution of transmission mode. <em>Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences</em>, 372 (1719), 0083. <a href="">doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0083</a>
dc.description.abstractThis article reviews research on the evolutionary mechanisms leading to different transmission modes. Such modes are often under genetic control of the host or the pathogen, and often in conflict with each other via trade-offs. Transmission modes may vary among pathogen strains and among host populations. Evolutionary changes in transmission mode have been inferred through experimental and phylogenetic studies, including changes in transmission associated with host shifts and with evolution of the unusually complex life cycles of many parasites. Understanding the forces that determine the evolution of particular transmission modes presents a fascinating medley of problems for which there is a lack of good data and often a lack of conceptual understanding or appropriate methodologies. Our best information comes from studies that have been focused on the vertical versus horizontal transmission dichotomy. With other kinds of transitions, theoretical approaches combining epidemiology and population genetics are providing guidelines for determining when and how rapidly new transmission modes may evolve, but these are still in need of empirical investigation and application to particular cases. Obtaining such knowledge is a matter of urgency in relation to extant disease threats. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Opening the black box: re-examining the ecology and evolution of parasite transmission’.
dc.publisherRoyal Society
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
dc.subject.othercomplex life cycles
dc.subject.otherhost shifts
dc.subject.otherinfectious disease
dc.titleThe evolution of transmission mode
dc.contributor.laitosBio- ja ympäristötieteiden laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosThe Department of Biological and Environmental Scienceen
dc.contributor.oppiaineEkologia ja evoluutiobiologia
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.rights.copyright© 2017 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

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© 2017 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.