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dc.contributor.authorKüüsmaa, Maria
dc.contributor.authorSchumann, Moritz
dc.contributor.authorSedliak, Milan
dc.contributor.authorKraemer, William J.
dc.contributor.authorNewton, Robert
dc.contributor.authorMalinen, Jari-Pekka
dc.contributor.authorHäkkinen, Arja
dc.contributor.authorHäkkinen, Keijo
dc.contributor.authorNyman, Kai
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-23T06:07:16Z
dc.date.available2016-11-23T06:07:16Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationKüüsmaa, M., Schumann, M., Sedliak, M., Kraemer, W. J., Newton, R., Malinen, J.-P., Häkkinen, A., Häkkinen, K., & Nyman, K. (2016). Effects of morning versus evening combined strength and endurance training on physical performance, muscle hypertrophy and serum hormone concentrations. <i>Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism</i>, <i>41</i>(12), 1285-1294. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2016-0271" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2016-0271</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_26184559
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_71015
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/51958
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the effects of 24 weeks of morning versus evening same-session combined strength (S) and endurance (E) training on physical performance, muscle hypertrophy, and resting serum testosterone and cortisol diurnal concentrations. Forty-two young men were matched and assigned to a morning (m) or evening (e) E + S or S + E group (mE + S, n = 9; mS + E, n = 9; eE + S, n = 12; and eS + E, n = 12). Participants were tested for dynamic leg press 1-repetition maximum (1RM) and time to exhaustion (Texh) during an incremental cycle ergometer test both in the morning and evening, cross-sectional area (CSA) of vastus lateralis and diurnal serum testosterone and cortisol concentrations (0730 h; 0930 h; 1630 h; 1830 h). All groups similarly increased 1RM in the morning (14%–19%; p < 0.001) and evening (18%–24%; p < 0.001). CSA increased in all groups by week 24 (12%–20%, p < 0.01); however, during the training weeks 13–24 the evening groups gained more muscle mass (time-of-day main effect; p < 0.05). Texh increased in all groups in the morning (16%–28%; p < 0.01) and evening (18%–27%; p < 0.001), however, a main effect for the exercise order, in favor of E + S, was observed on both testing times (p < 0.051). Diurnal rhythms in testosterone and cortisol remained statistically unaltered by the training order or time. The present results indicate that combined strength and endurance training in the evening may lead to larger gains in muscle mass, while the E + S training order might be more beneficial for endurance performance development. However, training order and time seem to influence the magnitude of adaptations only when the training period exceeded 12 weeks.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherNRC Research Press; Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology
dc.relation.ispartofseriesApplied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism
dc.subject.othertime-of-day
dc.subject.othercortisol
dc.subject.otherconcurrent training
dc.subject.otherorder effect
dc.subject.othermuscle cross-sectional area
dc.titleEffects of morning versus evening combined strength and endurance training on physical performance, muscle hypertrophy and serum hormone concentrations
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201611214688
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntabiologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosTerveystieteiden laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Biology of Physical Activityen
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineValmennus- ja testausoppifi
dc.contributor.oppiaineFysioterapiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineScience of Sport Coaching and Fitness Testingen
dc.contributor.oppiainePhysiotherapyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2016-11-21T04:15:08Z
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_2df8fbb1
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange1285-1294
dc.relation.issn1715-5312
dc.relation.numberinseries12
dc.relation.volume41
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© the Authors, 2016. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by NRC Research Press. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysotestosteroni
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p23240
dc.relation.doi10.1139/apnm-2016-0271
dc.type.okmA1


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