Ten-year follow-up of health-related quality of life among ambulatory persons with multiple sclerosis at baseline
Rintala, A., Häkkinen, A., & Paltamaa, J. (2016). Ten-year follow-up of health-related quality of life among ambulatory persons with multiple sclerosis at baseline. Quality of Life Research, 25 (12), 3119-3127. doi:10.1007/s11136-016-1347-x
Published inQuality of Life Research
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Springer. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Purpose The aim of this 10-year follow-up study was to determine changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) over time among ambulatory persons with MS (PwMS) at the baseline using generic and disease-specific instruments. Methods Of 109 independently walking PwMS included in a population-based study in 2002, 77 (70.6 %) were re-assessed in 2012. HRQoL was captured using the 36-Item Short Form Survey Instrument (RAND-36), 15D instrument (15D), and the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54 (MSQOL-54). Repeated-measures ANOVA and effect size (ES) calculations (Cohen’s d) were used in the statistical analysis. Results The RAND-36 physical health composite score (p = 0.003, ES = 0.26) and 15D total score (p = 0.012, ES = 0.25) declined from the baseline levels. In particular, lower scores were observed on the RAND-36 scales of physical functioning (p = 0.001, ES = 0.27), pain (p = 0.020, ES = 0.25), and general health perceptions (p = 0.002, ES = 0.36), on the MSQOL-54 scales of physical functioning (p = 0.001, ES = 0.27), pain (p = 0.040, ES = 0.21), sexual functioning (p = 0.003, ES = 0.43), and satisfaction with sexual functioning (p = 0.012, ES = 0.38), and in the 15D dimensions of mobility (p = 0.004, ES = 0.31) and sexual functioning (p ≤ 0.001, ES = 0.59). Improvement was observed on the RAND-36 scale of social functioning (p = 0.049, ES = 0.25). The other composite scores, scales, and dimensions remained unchanged. Conclusion The results of this study suggest that ambulatory PwMS at baseline reported reduced HRQoL in physical functioning after a 10-year follow-up period, while emotional well-being was maintained and social functioning improved. The scores in the other HRQoL dimensions and scales remained unchanged. More long-term population-based studies are needed to precisely determine the development of HRQoL among PwMS. ...
PublisherSpringer Netherlands; International Society for Quality of Life Studies
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