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dc.contributor.authorKaunisto, Sirpa
dc.contributor.authorYlönen, Hannu
dc.contributor.authorKortet, Raine
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-11T12:06:17Z
dc.date.available2015-12-11T12:06:17Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationKaunisto, S., Ylönen, H., & Kortet, R. (2015). Passive sinking into the snow as possible survival strategy during the off-host stage in an insect ectoparasite. <i>Folia Parasitologica</i>, <i>62</i>, Article 038. <a href="https://doi.org/10.14411/fp.2015.038" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.14411/fp.2015.038</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_25344741
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_68060
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/48054
dc.description.abstractAbiotic and biotic factors determine success or failure of individual organisms, populations and species. The early life stages are often the most vulnerable to heavy mortality due to environmental conditions. The deer ked (Lipoptena cervi Linnaeus, 1758) is an invasive insect ectoparasite of cervids that spends an important period of the life cycle outside host as immobile pupa. During winter, dark-coloured pupae drop off the host onto the snow, where they are exposed to environmental temperature variation and predation as long as the new snowfall provides shelter against these mortality factors. The other possible option is to passively sink into the snow, which is aided by morphology of pupae. Here, we experimentally studied passive snow sinking capacity of pupae of L. cervi. We show that pupae have a notable passive snow sinking capacity, which is the most likely explained by pupal morphology enabling solar energy absorption and pupal weight. The present results can be used when planning future studies and when evaluating possible predation risk and overall survival of this invasive ectoparasite species in changing environmental conditions.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherAkademie ved Ceské republiky
dc.relation.ispartofseriesFolia Parasitologica
dc.subject.otherectoparasite
dc.subject.otherHippoboscidae
dc.subject.otherlow temperature
dc.subject.othermorphology
dc.subject.otherpupa
dc.titlePassive sinking into the snow as possible survival strategy during the off-host stage in an insect ectoparasite
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201512073926
dc.contributor.laitosBio- ja ympäristötieteiden laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Biological and Environmental Scienceen
dc.contributor.oppiaineEkologia ja evoluutiobiologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineEcology and Evolutionary Biologyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2015-12-07T16:15:03Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn1803-6465
dc.relation.numberinseries0
dc.relation.volume62
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre CAS. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysotulokaslajit
dc.subject.ysohirvieläimet
dc.subject.ysosaalistus
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2994
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p12133
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p946
dc.rights.urlhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.14411/fp.2015.038


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© Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre CAS. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre CAS. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.