Identity formation, personal control over development, and well-being
Fadjukoff, P., & Pulkkinen, L. (2006). Identity formation, personal control over development, and well-being. In L. Pulkkinen, J. Kaprio, & R. Rose (Eds.), Socioemotional development and health from adolescence to adulthood (pp. 265-285). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Published inCambridge Studies on Child and Adolescent Health
© Cambridge University Press. This is a Final Draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by CUP.
This paper addresses (1) the development of identity and personal control over development through adulthood; (2) their developmental background in early adolescence; and (3) their associations with adult psychosocial well-being and selfperceptions of health. Personal growth in the areas of identity and personal control over development was relatively stable from age 27 to 42, with earlier levels predicting later levels. Identity achievement was fostered by success in school and by a high occupational status of parents in the family of origin, whereas personal control over development was fostered by school success and the quality of parenting in early adolescence. Identity achievement facilitated psychological and social well-being and generativity, whereas personal control over development strongly contributed to psychological well-being. Physical well-being correlated with psychological well-being but was not directly explained by either of these measures. Person-oriented comparisons confirmed the significance of high diffusion in adult identity in respect to poor developmental background and poor psychosocial well-being in adulthood. ...