Contact formation in random networks of elongated objects
Ekman, A., Miettinen, A., Tallinen, T., & Timonen, J. (2014). Contact formation in random networks of elongated objects. Physical Review Letters, 113 (26), 268001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.268001
Published inPhysical Review Letters
© 2014 American Physical Society.
The effect of steric hindrance is an important aspect of granular packings as it gives rise to, e.g., limitations on the densities of ordered and disordered packings, both of which are essentially defined by the geometry of the constituents. Here we focus on random packing of rods via deposition and their distributions of contact number and segment length. Such statistical properties are relevant for mechanical properties of the structures, but the (quite large) steric effects on them have not been addressed in previous studies. We therefore develop a theory that describes the statistical properties of rod packings, while taking into account that the deposited rods cannot overlap and thus induce steric hindrances. The distributions derived from the theory are compared with experimental results and numerical simulations of networks constructed via deposition. Results explain the non-Poisson statistics observed in the experiments and show that the induced steric range of the rods can be large compared to their diameter and decreases with compactification of the pile, implying local orientational ordering of the structure. ...