The developmental dynamics of task-avoidant behavior and math performance in kindergarten and elementary school
Hirvonen, R., Tolvanen, A., Aunola, K., & Nurmi, J.-E. (2012). The developmental dynamics of task-avoidant behavior and math performance in kindergarten and elementary school. Learning and Individual Differences, 22 (6), 715-723. doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2012.05.014
Published inLearning and Individual Differences
© Elsevier. This is an author's post-print version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Elsevier.
Besides cognitive factors, children's learning at school may be influenced by more dynamic phenomena, such as motivation and achievement-related task-avoidant behavior. The present study examined the developmental dynamics of task-avoidant behavior and math performance from kindergarten to Grade 4. A total of 225 children were tested for their arithmetic skills in kindergarten and in Grades 1, 2, and 4 of elementary school. Children's task-avoidant behavior in learning situations was rated by their teachers. The results of latent growth curve analyses showed that math performance and task-avoidant behavior develop in tandem: an increase in task-avoidant behavior was related to less improvement in math performance. Furthermore, a high initial level of task-avoidant behavior predicted less improvement and slower improvement in math later on.