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dc.contributor.authorChinga-Carrasco, Gary
dc.contributor.authorMiettinen, Arttu
dc.contributor.authorLuengo Hendriks, Cris. L.
dc.contributor.authorGamstedt, E. Kristofer
dc.contributor.authorKataja, Markku
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-26T05:55:03Z
dc.date.available2012-10-26T05:55:03Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.citationChinga-Carrasco, G., Miettinen, A., Hendriks, C., Gamstedt, E., & Kataja, M. (2011). Structural characterisation of wood pulp fibres and their nanofibrillated materials for biodegradable composite applications. In J. Cuppoletti (Ed.), Nano composites and Polymers with Analytical Methods - Book 3. Rijeka: InTech. Retrieved from http://intechopen.com/articles/show/title/structural-characterisation-of-kraft-pulp-fibres-and-their-nanofibrillated-materials-for-biodegradab
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/40091
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: The utilization of wood pulp fibres in composite materials has gained major interest during the last years. One of the major motivations has been the potential of wood pulp fibres and their nanofibrillated derivatives for increasing the mechanical properties of some materials. However, in order to exploit the full potential of wood pulp fibres and cellulose nanofibrils as reinforcement in hydrophilic and hydrophobic matrices, several characteristics of fibres and their interactions with a given matrix need to be understood. With the increasing capabilities of novel microscopy techniques and computerized image analysis, structural analysis is moving forward from visual and subjective evaluations to automatic quantification. In addition, several microscopy techniques for obtaining 2D and 3D images of a given composite material, including field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and X-ray micro-computed tomography (X-µCT), have evolved considerably during the last years. X-µCT is a non-destructive method for obtaining the three-dimensional structure of a physical material sample. It is well suited for structural analysis of complex heterogeneous materials such as paper, biological materials and fibrous composites (Samuelsen et al., 2001; Holmstad et al., 2005; Axelsson, 2008). In addition, FESEM is a powerful technique for assessment of a variety of materials. One of the major advantages of FESEM is its versatility and high-resolution power (Chinga-Carrasco et al., 2011). Structures down to 1-2 nm can thus be visualized and quantified. In this work we will focus on practical and complementary imaging and image analysis techniques. We will also give a brief introduction to SEM, X-µCT and to 3D image analysis methods, emphasizing topics that are relevant for characterisation of composite materials. Selected case studies of wood pulp fibre-reinforced composite materials and their corresponding microstructure-property relationships will be discussed.fi
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherInTech
dc.relation.ispartofNano composites and Polymers with Analytical Methods, Book 3. - Edited by John Cuppoletti. ISBN 978-953-307-352-1.
dc.relation.urihttp://www.intechopen.com/books/nanocomposites-and-polymers-with-analytical-methods
dc.subject.otherrakennefi
dc.subject.othernanosellufi
dc.subject.othernanokuitufi
dc.titleStructural characterisation of wood pulp fibres and their nanofibrillated materials for biodegradable composite applications
dc.typeBook item
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201210262788
dc.contributor.laitosFysiikan laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Physicsen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/BookItem
dc.identifier.doi10.5772/21580
dc.type.coarbook part
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyrightCopyright © 2011 InTech. All chapters are Open Access articles distributed under the Creative Commons Non Commercial Share Alike Attribution 3.0 license, which permits to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt the work in any medium, so long as the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.rights.urlhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/


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Copyright © 2011 InTech. All chapters are Open Access articles distributed under the Creative Commons  Non Commercial Share Alike Attribution 3.0 license, which permits to copy,  distribute, transmit, and adapt the work in any medium, so long as the original  work is properly cited.
Ellei muuten mainita, aineiston lisenssi on Copyright © 2011 InTech. All chapters are Open Access articles distributed under the Creative Commons Non Commercial Share Alike Attribution 3.0 license, which permits to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt the work in any medium, so long as the original work is properly cited.