Do absolute pitch possessors have a field independent cognitive style?

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dc.contributor.author Schlemmer, Kathrin B.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-03T06:31:45Z
dc.date.available 2009-08-03T06:31:45Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/20917
dc.description.abstract The factors contributing to the development of absolute pitch (AP) are still not fully understood. It seems to be neither completely inherited nor completely teachable. This study tested the hypothesis, that individual differences in cognitive style influence AP development. Specifically, it investigated whether adult AP possessors can be characterized by a field independent cognitive style while handling visual and musical tasks. Thirty professional musicians performed tests of absolute and relative pitch abilities, a visual and a musical task measuring field independence, and visual tasks measuring intellectual functioning. The absolute pitch test resulted in a continuous distribution of pitch labeling abilities. When the 10 participants with more than 80 % correctly labeled pitches (AP possessors) were compared with the 10 participants with up to 20 % correctly labeled pitches (AP non-possessors), there were no significant group differences in any of the visual tasks. Instead, all participants had above-average scores, compared with the test norm. The motif identification task resulted in small but insignificant group differences in the proposed direction. In the relative pitch test, AP possessors’ performance declined when transposed melodies had to be judged. Neither the visual nor the musical task revealed evidence for a higher field independence among AP possessors compared with non-possessors, when both groups consist of adult professional musicians. en
dc.format.extent 480-486
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subject.other absolute pitch en
dc.subject.other cognitive styles en
dc.subject.other field independence en
dc.subject.other relative pitch en
dc.title Do absolute pitch possessors have a field independent cognitive style? en
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-2009411318
dc.identifier.conference ESCOM 2009 : 7th Triennial Conference of European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music

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