Corticospinal Adaptation to Short-Term Horizontal Balance Perturbation Training
Hu, N., Piirainen, J. M., Kidgell, D. J., Walker, S., & Avela, J. (2023). Corticospinal Adaptation to Short-Term Horizontal Balance Perturbation Training. Brain Sciences, 13(8), Article 1209. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci13081209
Published inBrain Sciences
© 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
Sensorimotor training and strength training can improve balance control. Currently, little is known about how repeated balance perturbation training affects balance performance and its neural mechanisms. This study investigated corticospinal adaptation assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and Hoffman-reflex (H-reflex) measurements during balance perturbation induced by perturbation training. Fourteen subjects completed three perturbation sessions (PS1, PS2, and PS3). The perturbation system operated at 0.25 m/s, accelerating at 2.5 m/s2 over a 0.3 m displacement in anterior and posterior directions. Subjects were trained by over 200 perturbations in PS2. In PS1 and PS3, TMS and electrical stimulation elicited motor evoked potentials (MEP) and H-reflexes in the right leg soleus muscle, at standing rest and two time points (40 ms and 140 ms) after perturbation. Body sway was assessed using the displacement and velocity of the center of pressure (COP), which showed a decrease in PS3. No significant changes were observed in MEP or H-reflex between sessions. Nevertheless, Δ MEP at 40 ms demonstrated a positive correlation with Δ COP, while Δ H-reflex at 40 ms demonstrated a negative correlation with Δ COP. Balance perturbation training led to less body sway and a potential increase in spinal-level involvement, indicating that movement automaticity may be suggested after perturbation training. ...
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Additional information about fundingThis study was funded by China Scholarship Council (Funding number: 201806520024).
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