Profiles of Parental Burnout Around the Globe : Similarities and Differences Across 36 Countries
Matias, M., Aguiar, J., Fontaine, A. M., Akgun, E., Arikan, G., Aunola, K., Barham, E., Beyers, W., Boujut, E., Brytek-Matera, A., Carbonneau, N., César, F., Chen, B.-B., Dorard, G., Dunsmuir, S., Egorova, N., Elias, L., Favez, N., Foran, H. M., . . . Roskam, I. (2023). Profiles of Parental Burnout Around the Globe : Similarities and Differences Across 36 Countries. Cross-Cultural Research, OnlineFirst. https://doi.org/10.1177/10693971231174551
Published inCross-Cultural Research
© 2023 SAGE Publications.
Parental burnout (PB) is a pervasive phenomenon. Parenting is embedded in cultural values, and previous research has shown the role of individualism in PB. In this paper, we reanalyze previously collected data to identify profiles based on the four dimensions of PB, and explore whether these profiles vary across countries’ levels of collectivistic-individualistic (COL-IND) values. Our sample comprised 16,885 individuals from 36 countries (73% women; 27% men), and we used a latent profile approach to uncover PB profiles. The findings showed five profiles: Fulfilled, Not in PB, Low risk of PB, High risk of PB and Burned out. The profiles pointed to climbing levels of PB in the total sample and in each of the three country groups (High COL/Low IND, Medium COL-IND, Low COL/High IND). Exploratory analyses revealed that distinct dimensions of PB had the most prominent roles in the climbing pattern, depending on the countries’ levels of COL/IND. In particular, we found contrast to be a hallmark dimension and an indicator of severe burnout for individualistic countries. Contrary to our predictions, emotional distance and saturation did not allow a clear differentiation across collectivistic countries. Our findings support several research avenues regarding PB measurement and intervention. ...
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Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by Fundaçãopara a Ciência e a Tecnologia under grant FCTUIDB/00050/2020.
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