Investigating the direct and indirect effects of a school-based leadership program for primary school students : Rationale and study protocol for the ‘Learning to Lead’ cluster randomised controlled trial
Wade, L., Beauchamp, M., Nathan, N., Smith, J., Leahy, A. A., Kennedy, S. G., Boyer, J., Bao, R., Diallo, T. M. O., Vidal-Conti, J., & Lubans, D. (2023). Investigating the direct and indirect effects of a school-based leadership program for primary school students : Rationale and study protocol for the ‘Learning to Lead’ cluster randomised controlled trial. PLoS ONE, 18(1), Article e0279661. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0279661
Published inPLoS ONE
Bao, Ran |
© 2023 Wade et al.
Background Leadership is a valuable skill that can be taught in school, and which may have benefits within and beyond the classroom. Learning to Lead (L2L) is a student-led, primary school-based leadership program whereby older ‘peer leaders’ deliver a fundamental movement skills (FMS) program to younger ‘peers’ within their own school. Aim The aims of the study are to determine the efficacy of a peer-led FMS intervention on: (i) peer leaders’ (aged 10 to 12 years) leadership effectiveness (primary outcome), leadership self-efficacy, well-being, and time on-task in the classroom; (ii) peers’ (aged 8 to 10 years) physical activity levels, actual and perceived FMS competency, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular power, and executive functioning; and (iii) teachers’ (referred to as ‘school champions’) work-related stress and well-being. Method L2L will be evaluated using a two-arm parallel group cluster randomised controlled trial. Twenty schools located within a two-hour drive of the University of Newcastle, Australia will be recruited. We will recruit 80 students (40 peer leaders and 40 peers) from each school (N = 1,600). L2L will be implemented in three phases: Phase 1 –school champions’ training via a professional learning workshop; Phase 2 –school champions’ delivery of leadership lessons to the peer leaders; and Phase 3 –peer leaders’ delivery of the FMS program to their younger peers. The FMS program, consisting of 12 x 30-minute lessons, will be delivered over the course of one school term (10 weeks). Study outcomes will be assessed at baseline (between mid-March to June, Terms 1 and 2), intervention end (mid-August to September, Term 3), and follow-up (November to mid-December, Term 4. This trial was prospectively registered on the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR); registration number: ACTRN12621000376842. ...
PublisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
ISSN Search the Publication Forum1932-6203
Publication in research information system
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThe study is funded by the Australian Research Council (https://www.arc.gov.au/) (DP22010099) and the NSW Department of Education School Sport Unit (https://app.education.nsw.gov.au/sport/). DRL is funded by a National Health and Medical Research Council Senior Research Fellowship (APP1154507). NN is supported by a Medical Research Future Fund (MRFF) Investigator Grant (GS2000053). The funders had and will not have a role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. ...
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