Injury History and Perceived Knee Function as Risk Factors for Knee Injury in Youth Team-Sports Athletes
Hietamo, J., Rantala, A., Parkkari, J., Leppänen, M., Rossi, M., Heinonen, A., Steffen, K., Kannus, P., Mattila, V., & Pasanen, K. (2023). Injury History and Perceived Knee Function as Risk Factors for Knee Injury in Youth Team-Sports Athletes. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach, 15(1), 26-35. https://doi.org/10.1177/19417381211065443
Published inSports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach
© 2022 The Author(s).
Background: The identification of risk factors for sports injuries is essential before injury prevention strategies can be planned. Hypothesis: Previous acute knee injury and lower perceived knee function measured by Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) will increase the risk of acute knee injury in youth team-sports athletes. Study Design: Prospective cohort study. Level of Evidence: Level 3. Methods: At baseline, youth (≤21 years old) male and female basketball and floorball athletes completed a questionnaire on previous acute knee injuries and perceived knee function (KOOS). A total of 211 male and 183 female athletes were followed for an acute knee injury up to 3 years. Unadjusted and adjusted Cox regression models were used in risk factor analyses. Results: In male athletes, previous acute knee injury and lower KOOS Pain, Activities of Daily Living, Sport and Recreation, and knee-related Quality of Life subscale scores increased the risk of acute knee injury in the unadjusted analyses. Adjusted analyses for male injuries were not performed because of low number of acute knee injuries (n = 18). In female athletes, previous acute knee injury increased the risk of acute knee injury when adjusted for athletes’ age and body mass index (hazard ratio, 2.6 [95% CI, 1.3-5.2]). In female athletes, none of the KOOS subscale scores were associated with the increased risk of acute knee injury in the adjusted analyses. Conclusion: Previous acute knee injury was associated with the risk of new acute knee injury in youth male and female athletes. In youth male athletes, additionally, lower perceived knee function in 4 out of 5 KOOS subscale scores were associated with the increased risk of new acute knee injury. Clinical Relevance: The treatment and rehabilitation of the present acute knee injury and secondary prevention of reinjury should be emphasized in youth team-sports athletes. ...
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThis study was financially supported by the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture and the Competitive State Research Financing of the Expert Responsibility Area of Tampere University Hospital (Grants 9N053, 9S047, 9T046, 9U044).
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