Finns in the Colonial World
Merivirta, R., Koivunen, L., & Särkkä, T. (2021). Finns in the Colonial World. In R. Merivirta, L. Koivunen, & T. Särkkä (Eds.), Finnish Colonial Encounters : From Anti-Imperialism to Cultural Colonialism and Complicity (pp. 1-38). Palgrave Macmillan. Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-80610-1_1
Published inCambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies
© 2021 the Authors
Utilizing such concepts as “colonial complicity” and “colonialism without colonies”, this chapter examines the case of Finns and Finland as a nation that was once oppressed but also itself complicit in colonialism. It argues that although the Finnish nation has historically been positioned in Europe between western and eastern empires, Finns were not only passive victims of (Russian) imperial rule but also active participants in the creation of imperial vocabulary in various colonial contexts, including Sápmi in the North. This chapter argues that although Finns never had overseas colonies, they were involved in the colonial world, sending out colonizers and producing images of colonial “others”, when they, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, felt the need to project themselves as white and European (not Russian or non-white, such as Mongols). Finns adopted, adapted, and created common European knowledge about colonized areas, cultures, and people and participated in constructing racial hierarchies. These racialized notions were also applied to the Sámi. Furthermore, Finns benefitted economically from colonialism, sent out missionaries to Owambo in present-day Namibia to spread the ideas of Western/White/Christian superiority and instruct the Owambo in European ways. Finns were also involved in several colonial enterprises of other European colonizing powers, such as in the Belgian Congo or aboard Captain Cook’s vessel on his journey to the Antipodes. ...
Parent publication ISBN978-3-030-80609-5
Is part of publicationFinnish Colonial Encounters : From Anti-Imperialism to Cultural Colonialism and Complicity
Suomi Ruotsi Lappi Venäjän valtakunta kulttuurikolonialismi colonial complicity colonialism cultural colonialism colonialism without colonies fennomans Finland Finno-Ugric Finns imperialism Russian Empire russification Sámi Sápmi Lapland Sweden suomalais-ugrilaiset kansat historia saamelaiset fennomania kolonialismi venäläistämispolitiikka imperialismi alkuperäiskansat siirtomaat
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