Semi-natural habitats in the European boreal region : Caught in the socio-ecological extinction vortex?
Herzon, I., Raatikainen, K. J., Helm, A., Rūsiņa, S., Wehn, S., & Eriksson, O. (2022). Semi-natural habitats in the European boreal region : Caught in the socio-ecological extinction vortex?. Ambio, 51(8), 1753-1763. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-022-01705-3
DisciplineEkologia ja evoluutiobiologiaResurssiviisausyhteisöEcology and Evolutionary BiologySchool of Resource Wisdom
© The Author(s) 2022
We propose to consider semi-natural habitats—hotspots for biodiversity—being caught in a socio-ecological extinction vortex, similar to the phenomenon described for species threatened with extinction. These habitats are essentially socioecological systems, in which socioeconomic drivers are interlinked with ecological processes. We identify four highly interlinked and mutually reinforcing socio-economic processes, pertaining to the importance of semi-natural habitats for (i) agricultural production, (ii) policy, research and development; (iii) vocational education in the fields of agricultural sciences and (iv) public’s experiences with semi-natural habitats. Evidence from six countries in the boreal region demonstrates that recent slowing down or even reversal of two processes are insufficient to stop the extinction vortex phenomenon. We suggest research directions to ascertain the phenomenon, monitor its development and develop proactive actions to weaken the vortex. It is highly plausible that interventions directed at most, if not all, of the key vortex processes are needed to reverse the overall deteriorating trends of a socio-ecological system. ...
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
ISSN Search the Publication Forum0044-7447
Publication in research information system
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Related funder(s)Kone Foundation
Additional information about fundingOpen Access funding provided by University of Helsinki including Helsinki University Central Hospital. This study was funded by Horizon 2020 Framework Programme (Grant No. 696391), Koneen Säätiö, LIFE Programme (Grant No. LIFE16NAT/LV/000262).
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