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Exploring the unknowns : State of the art in qualitative forest-based sector foresight research
Heiskanen, A., Hurmekoski, E., Toppinen, A., & Näyhä, A. (2022). Exploring the unknowns : State of the art in qualitative forest-based sector foresight research. Forest Policy and Economics, 135, Article 102643. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2021.102643
Published inForest Policy and Economics
DisciplineResurssiviisausyhteisöSustainable BusinessYritysten ympäristöjohtaminenKestävä liiketoiminta ja talous (painoala)Basic or discovery scholarshipSchool of Resource WisdomSustainable BusinessCorporate Environmental ManagementSustainable Business and Economy (focus area)Basic or discovery scholarship
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
The forest-based sector is facing one the greatest transitions in its history in the face of global megatrends. Globalization, sustainability challenges and the ICT sector have put the world in a new light. Whereas some of the recent developments have resulted in challenges for the traditional forest industry, many positive expectations and opportunities are also seen to arise in the form of the transition to a sustainable bio-economy. However, to be able to fully seize the opportunity, the industry has to navigate through contingency where preparedness can have a major impact. Foresight as a strategic approach can help to prepare and sensitize decision-makers to be prepared for the future. Foresight is a process aimed at understanding the various and alternative developments of the future better. In this review, we aim to find out what the state-of-the-art of qualitative foresight in the context of forest-based sector is. Forest sector foresight remains a nascent stream in peer-reviewed literature despite the small increase in articles since 2010. Foresight has been applied relatively evenly across the sub-sectors, attention having been predominantly on adaptive approaches. Foresight studies could be classified based on their objectives and types of output into three main categories: Identifying Drivers and Trends, Management of Change and Visioning. Notably, almost all the scientific foresight literature deals with sectoral level, and lacks organisational points of view. Foresight could also provide an opportunity to include stakeholder engagement beyond business-as-usual, which seems to remain currently relatively marginal. The findings suggests that foresight in the forest sector is not entirely novel, but still developing. Many opportunities to fully capture the potential lie ahead and micro level perspectives could be enhanced in the literature. ...
ISSN Search the Publication Forum1389-9341
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- Kauppakorkeakoulu 
Additional information about fundingHeiskanen gratefully acknowledges the financial support received from Metsämiesten Säätiö Foundation to enable this work.
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