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dc.contributor.authorKolozsvári, Orsolya Beatrix
dc.description.abstractSpoken language is a large part of our day-to-day life. During face-to-face communication, one needs to not only be able to follow and integrate the incoming auditory and visual information, but usually also to respond to and produce speech. While speech perception has been investigated rather thoroughly, from syllable-level perception to paragraph-long continuous tracking, there are still questions remaining regarding how the brain perceives speech. Speech production presents an even bigger challenge to investigate at brain level, as not only does it involve movement from articulators, which add muscle activity artifacts to the recorded signal, but in overt speech, the brain needs to process the perception of hearing ourselves speak. Brain-level studies often choose to use simplified stimuli, to ease the technical challenges involved in the measures, and thus comparison of the different linguistic units remains a rarity. This dissertation investigated brain-level correlates of speech perception at the syllable level in an audio-visual perception task, examined the developmental hemispheric differences in speech tracking of words and sentences, as indexed by coherence measures, in children and adults, and explored a method of analysis previously used in speech perception research to investigate speech production at the brain level, which could be used in future research. Study I investigated brain-correlates of audio-visual speech perception at syllable level, in particular the effect of congruence and familiarity of stimuli on brain responses in adults of two different language backgrounds (Finnish and Chinese). Congruence of stimuli, that is when what they saw matched with what they heard, was found to have an effect and differences in responses were found mainly in the right temporal areas. Study II examined the brain’s ability to track the speech envelope of words and sentences in children and in adults, and correlated the findings with their auditory responses to syllables to investigate a possible overlap in development for the two processes. Furthermore, the brain indices were correlated with speech-related cognitive measures in children. The findings show an improvement with age in speech tracking, and that this increase is independent from the changes in the auditory response to simpler speech stimuli (syllables). Study III introduced a novel approach to measure speech tracking using an accelerometer during overt speech in adults while their brain activity was recorded. Keywords: Speech tracking, Speech production, Coherence measure, Event-related responses, Magnetoencephalographyen
dc.publisherJyväskylän yliopisto
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJYU dissertations
dc.relation.haspart<b>Artikkeli I:</b> Kolozsvári, O. B., Xu, W., Leppänen, P. H. T., & Hämäläinen, J. A. (2019). Top-Down Predictions of Familiarity and Congruency in Audio-Visual Speech Perception at Neural Level. <i>Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 13, Article 243.</i> DOI: <a href=""target="_blank">10.3389/fnhum.2019.00243</a>
dc.relation.haspart<b>Artikkeli II:</b> Kolozsvári, O. B., Xu, W., Gerike, G., Parviainen, T., Nieminen, L., Noiray, A., & Hämäläinen, J. A. (2021). Coherence between brain activation and speech envelope at word and sentence levels showed age-related differences in low frequency bands. <i>Neurobiology of Language, 2(2), 226-253. </i> DOI: <a href=""target="_blank">10.1162/nol_a_00033</a>
dc.relation.haspart<b>Artikkeli III:</b> Kolozsvári, O. B., Xu, W., Gerike, G., Kujala, J., Parviainen, T., Leppänen, P. H. T., Noiray, A., Hämäläinen, J. A. (2021) Cortico-kinematic and cortico-acoustic coherence in adults during active speech production. <i>Submitted manuscript.</i>
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.titleInvestigation of brain processes of speech perception and production in adults and children using MEG
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaFaculty of Education and Psychologyen
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaKasvatustieteiden ja psykologian tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.rights.copyright© The Author & University of Jyväskylä

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