The Heritage of Ibn Sīnā’s Concept of the Self
Kaukua, J. (2021). The Heritage of Ibn Sīnā’s Concept of the Self. In P. Kitcher (Ed.), The Self : A History (pp. 55-72). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190087265.003.0003
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If the historical importance of a philosopher is measured by her influence, Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbdallāh ibn Sīnā, the Latin Avicenna (d. 1037 CE), should merit an uncontested entry in even the narrowest of canons. The development of Islamic philosophy and theology in the so-called post-classical period, that is, from the twelfth century CE down to the dawn of the postcolonial era, is unthinkable without him. By the same token, the Latin translations of a portion of his works were pivotal for the scholastic renaissance of Aristotelian philosophy in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and many Avicennian ideas, such as his modal metaphysics and its theological implications or his theory of the so called internal senses, resounded deep into the modern era, long after his texts had ceased to be immediate sources of inspiration for the mainstream of philosophy. But even apart from historical importance, I would like to claim that Ibn Sīnā deserves a position in the brief canon of philosophy simply for the depth and precision of his insight. An illustrative example of this is his perspicuous description and solid analysis of psychological phenomena, and especially those related to the human, or rational, soul. This was the field in which he made some of the bravest departures from the Aristotelian tradition he built on, and in many ways it can be seen as the culmination of his study of nature. One of the most impressive results of this work is his conception of self-awareness. ...
PublisherOxford University Press
Parent publication ISBN978-0-19-008726-5
Is part of publicationThe Self : A History
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Related funder(s)European Commission; Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Research costs of Academy Research Fellow, AoF
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Kaukua, Jari (University of Jyväskylä, 2007)Ab? cAl? Ibn S?n? (980–1037 jaa., lat. Avicenna) oli keskiajan arabifilosofeista kenties tärkein. Hänen ajattelunsa yhdisti omaperäisellä tavalla uusplatonistisen ja aristoteelisen perinteen aineksia. Ibn S?n?n vaikutus ...
Kaukua, Jari (Suomen Filosofinen Yhdistys ry, 2018)Teksti luonnehtii lyhyesti islamilaisen filosofian tutkimuksen nykytilaa sekä esittää tiivistelmän symposiumissa käsiteltävän kirjani keskeisestä sisällöstä.
Kaukua, Jari (Springer, 2020)This paper addresses two questions related to Themistius’ alleged influence on Avicenna’s theory of the common sense. The first question concerns the phenomenon of incidental perception, which Themistius explained by means ...
The Flying and the Masked Man, One More Time : Comments on Peter Adamson and Fedor Benevich, ‘The Thought Experimental Method : Avicenna’s Flying Man Argument’ Kaukua, Jari (Cambridge University Press, 2020)This is a critical comment on Adamson and Benevich 2018, published in issue 4/2 of the J-APA. I raise two closely related objections. The first concerns the objective of the flying man: instead of the question of what the ...
Kaukua, Jari (Routledge, 2022)Avicenna’s discussion of future contingent propositions is sometimes considered to entail metaphysical indeterminism. In this paper, I argue that his logical analysis of future contingent statements is best understood in ...