Purification of recovered phosphoric acid by extracting aluminium with di-2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid
Reuna, S., & Väisänen, A. (2022). Purification of recovered phosphoric acid by extracting aluminium with di-2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid. Chemical Papers, 76(1), 417-425. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11696-021-01848-9
Published inChemical Papers
DisciplineOrgaaninen kemiaAnalyyttinen kemiaEpäorgaaninen kemiaResurssiviisausyhteisöEpäorgaaninen ja analyyttinen kemiaOrganic ChemistryAnalytical ChemistryInorganic ChemistrySchool of Resource WisdomInorganic and Analytical Chemistry
© The Author(s) 2021
The extraction of aluminium from dilute phosphoric acid with di-2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid (DEHPA) was optimized using response surface methodology. The optimization was based on the experimental three-level central composite face-centred design (CCF) and was conducted on real-life samples. The three variables included were pH, extractant concentration and aqueous to organic phase ratio (AO). Under the optimized conditions (pH 2.5, 0.6 M DEHPA and AO ratio 1:2), extraction efficiency of 99% for aluminium in four extraction stages is achieved. The purified phosphoric acid solution can then be utilized by the fertilizing industry. Stripping tests for organic phase loaded with aluminium were conducted with sulphuric acid. Extremely high stripping efficiency was obtained with 0.9 M sulphuric acid resulting in the recovery rate of 88% in one stage. After stripping, the aluminium sulphate solution can be reused as a precipitation agent for phosphorus in the wastewater treatment process.
PublisherSpringer Science+Business Media; Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences
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Additional information about fundingOpen access funding provided by University of Jyväskylä (JYU). This research has received funding from the RAKI Programme of the Ministry of the Environment of Finland. Also, the financial support of Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority is acknowledged.
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