Everyday Life Meaningfulness for the Community-Dwelling Oldest Old During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Tiilikainen, E., Lisko, I., Kekkonen, E., Solomon, A., Ngandu, T., Kivipelto, M., & Kulmala, J. (2021). Everyday Life Meaningfulness for the Community-Dwelling Oldest Old During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, Article 716428. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.716428
Published inFrontiers in Psychology
© 2021 Tiilikainen, Lisko, Kekkonen, Solomon, Ngandu, Kivipelto and Kulmala
In many countries, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to strong restrictions and changed the everyday lives of older people. In Finland, people aged 70 and over were instructed to stay at home under quarantine-like conditions. Existing studies from other countries have reported increases in negative experiences and symptoms as a result of such restrictions, including psychosocial stress. However, little focus has been given to older people’s experiences of meaningfulness during the pandemic. Using survey and interview data, we ask to what extent have community-dwelling oldest old (80+) experienced meaningfulness during the pandemic, what background factors are associated with meaningfulness and what factors have contributed to everyday life meaningfulness during the pandemic. The data was collected as part of the COVID-19 sub-study of the third follow-up of the Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia (CAIDE85+) study, a Finnish population-based cohort study carried out in the eastern part of the country. In the quantitative analyses, meaningfulness was assessed as part of the Experiences of Social Inclusion Scale. The association of meaningfulness with different background factors (gender, age, living alone, self-chosen quarantine or physical isolation, self-rated health, physical functioning, and cognitive capacity) was explored with the Chi-square test. The quantitative findings indicate that the majority of the participants experienced meaningfulness during the pandemic. Participants who did not practice any physical isolation measures and participants with higher self-rated health experienced more meaningfulness. There was no evidence for difference in the prevalence of meaningfulness and other background factors. The qualitative data was analyzed using thematic analysis. The findings indicated that factors contributing to meaningfulness in everyday life were social contacts, daily chores and activities, familiar places and seasonal changes. The small sample size does not provide possibilities for generalizing the results into the wider population of older adults. However, the results provide new understanding of the oldest old’s experiences of meaningfulness in everyday life during the global pandemic. The findings may help find ways to support older people’s meaningfulness in challenging times. ...
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
ISSN Search the Publication Forum1664-1078
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThis study was financially supported by Juho Vainio Foundation, Finnish Cultural Foundation, Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation, and Academy of Finland (grant numbers 335524, 317465, and 287490).
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Maintenance of high quality of life as an indicator of resilience during COVID-19 social distancing among community-dwelling older adults in Finland Koivunen, Kaisa; Portegijs, Erja; Sillanpää, Elina; Eronen, Johanna; Kokko, Katja; Rantanen, Taina (Springer, 2022)Purpose Social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic reduced possibilities for activities of choice potentially threatening quality of life (QoL). We defined QoL resilience as maintaining high quality of life and studied ...
Personal Social Networks of Community-Dwelling Oldest Old During the Covid-19 Pandemic : A Qualitative Study Kulmala, Jenni; Tiilikainen, Elisa; Lisko, Inna; Ngandu, Tiia; Kivipelto, Miia; Solomon, Alina (Frontiers Media SA, 2021)The COVID-19 pandemic and its related restrictions have affected the everyday life of older people. Advanced age is a significant predisposing factor for a more severe COVID-19 infection, increasing the risk for hospitalization ...
Everyday life and the new shapes of identities : The different meanings of ‘things that did not happen’ in the lives of Finnish older persons during the pandemic Leinonen, Emilia (Elsevier, 2022)The COVID-19 pandemic has affected our lives in many ways since the end of 2019. This paper investigates the everyday lives of Finnish older persons during the first three months of the pandemic when they were required to ...
The Role of Music in Everyday Life During the First Wave of the Coronavirus Pandemic : A Mixed-Methods Exploratory Study Carlson, Emily; Wilson, Johanna; Baltazar, Margarida; Duman, Deniz; Peltola, Henna-Riikka; Toiviainen, Petri; Saarikallio, Suvi (Frontiers Media SA, 2021)Although music is known to be a part of everyday life and a resource for mood and emotion management, everyday life has changed significantly for many due to the global coronavirus pandemic, making the role of music in ...
Leisure Adjustments of Older Finnish Adults during the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic Koskinen, Veera K.; Leinonen, Emilia A. (Springer, 2022)The current approach to “aging well” emphasizes the importance of active leisure participation in late adulthood. This relates to the view that leisure activities enable older adults to stay physically, mentally, and ...