Self-rated resilience and mobility limitations as predictors of change in active aging during COVID-19 restrictions in Finland : a longitudinal study
Siltanen, S., Portegijs, E., Saajanaho, M., Pynnönen, K., Kokko, K., & Rantanen, T. (2022). Self-rated resilience and mobility limitations as predictors of change in active aging during COVID-19 restrictions in Finland : a longitudinal study. European Journal of Ageing, 19(3), 475-484. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-021-00634-6
Published inEuropean Journal of Ageing
DisciplineGerontologia ja kansanterveysGerontologian tutkimuskeskusGerontology and Public HealthGerontology Research Center
© The Author(s) 2021
Social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic decreased older people’s opportunities to lead an active life. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether walking difficulties predict changes in leading an active life during the COVID-19 social distancing recommendation compared to 2 years before, and whether self-rated resilience moderates this association among older people. Data were collected during social distancing recommendation in May and June 2020 and 2 years before (2017–18) among community-living AGNES study participants initially aged 75, 80, or 85 years (n = 809). Leading an active life was assessed with the University of Jyväskylä Active Aging Scale (UJACAS; total score range 0–272) and resilience with the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (0–40). Self-reported walking difficulties over a 2 km distance were categorized into no difficulty, difficulty, and unable to walk. The total UJACAS score declined 24.9 points (SD 23.5) among those without walking difficulty, 27.0 (SD 25.0) among those reporting walking difficulty and 19.5 (SD 31.2) among those unable to walk 2 km. When adjusted for baseline UJACAS score, those unable to walk 2 km demonstrated the greatest decline. Baseline resilience moderated this association: Higher resilience was associated with less declines in UJACAS scores among persons with or without walking difficulty, and with more declines among persons unable to walk 2 km. When opportunities for leading an active life are compromised, those with less physical and psychological resources become particularly vulnerable to further declines in activity. ...
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
Publication in research information system
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)European Commission; Academy of Finland; Ministry of Education and Culture
Funding program(s)Academy Project, AoF; Others
The content of the publication reflects only the author’s view. The funder is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.
Additional information about fundingOpen access funding provided by University of Jyväskylä (JYU). This work was financially supported by the European Research Council (ERC AdvG 693045 to T.R.) and the Academy of Finland (310526 to T.R.). The writing of this article was also supported by the Academy of Finland (Grant 323541 to K.K.) and the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (to E.P.). The content of this manuscript does not reflect the official opinion of the European Union. Responsibility for the information and views expressed in the manuscript lies entirely with the authors. The funders had no role in designing and implementing the study or reporting the analyses. ...
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