Tracking and Changes in Daily Step Counts among Finnish Adults
Yang, X., Kulmala, J., Hakonen, H., Hirvensalo, M., Rovio, S. P., Pahkala, K., Kukko, T., Hutri-Kähönen, N., Raitakari, O. T., & Tammelin, T. H. (2021). Tracking and Changes in Daily Step Counts among Finnish Adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 53(8), 1615-1623. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002621
Published inMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
© 2021 the Authors
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the tracking and changes of steps per day in adults and their determinants over 13 yr. Methods: A total of 2195 subjects (1236 women) 30–45 yr of age were randomly recruited from the ongoing Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study in 2007 and were followed up in 2020. Steps per day, including both total and aerobic steps per day, were monitored for seven consecutive days with a pedometer in 2007–2008 and 2011–2012 and with an accelerometer in 2018–2020. Tracking was analyzed using Spearman’s correlation. Stability and changes of steps per day over time in both low-active and high-active groups (based on median values) were described by percentage agreements, kappa statistics, and logistic regression. Associations of sex, age, and body mass index with the initial number and changes in steps per day were analyzed using linear growth curve modeling. Results: Tracking correlations of total steps per day at 4-, 9-, and 13-yr intervals were 0.45–0.66, 0.33–0.70, and 0.29–0.60, while corresponding correlations for aerobic steps per day were 0.28–0.55, 0.23–0.52, and 0.08–0.55, respectively. Percentage agreements were higher than 54%, and kappa statistics ranged from slight to fair over time. Compared with the low-active group, the high-active group at baseline had a higher probability of being active later in adulthood. Female sex and higher age were associated directly with the initial number of steps per day and inversely with changes in the number of steps per day. Body mass index was inversely associated with the initial number of steps per day and changes in the number of total steps per day. Conclusion: The 13-yr tracking of steps per day in adulthood was found to be low to moderately high. Daily ambulatory activity is essential to maintaining an active lifestyle throughout adulthood. Changes in the amount of adult steps per day vary by sex, age, and BMI. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThe present study was financially supported by the Academy of Finland (grant nos. 322098, 286284, and 134309 [EYE]; 126925, 121584, 124282, and 129378 [SALVE]; 117787 (GENDI); and 41071 [SKIDI]); the Social Insurance Institution of Finland; the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (grant no. 415635, XY); the Competitive State Research Financing of the Expert Responsibility area of Kuopio, Tampere, and Turku University Hospitals (grant no. X51001); the Juho Vainio Foundation; the Paavo Nurmi Foundation; the Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research; the Finnish Cultural Foundation; the Sigrid Juselius Foundation; the Tampere Tuberculosis Foundation; the Emil Aaltonen Foundation; the Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation; the Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation; the Diabetes Research Foundation of Finnish Diabetes Association; the EU Horizon 2020 (grant no. 755320 for TAXINOMISIS and grant no. 848146 for To Aition); the European Research Council (grant no. 742927 for MULTIEPIGEN project); and the Tampere University Hospital Supporting Foundation. KP is founded by an Academy of Finland research fellowship (no. 322112). ...
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Aaltonen, Sari; Kaprio, Jaakko; Kujala, Urho; Pulkkinen, Lea; Rose, Richard J.; Silventoinen, Karri (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; American College of Sports Medicine, 2018)Introduction Genetic factors contribute to individual differences in physical activity, but it remains uncertain whether the magnitude of the genetic effects is modified by variations in home environments. We aimed to ...
Salin, Kasper; Kankaanpää, Anna; Hirvensalo, Mirja; Lounassalo, Irinja; Yang, Xiaolin; Magnussen, Costan G.; Hutri-Kähönen, Nina; Rovio, Suvi; Viikari, Jorma; Raitakari, Olli T.; Tammelin, Tuija H. (MDPI, 2019)Introduction: Despite substantial interest in the development of health behaviors, there is limited research that has examined the longitudinal relationship between physical activity (PA) and smoking trajectories from ...
Physical activity from adolescence to young adulthood : patterns of change, and their associations with activity domains and sedentary time Aira, Tuula; Vasankari, Tommi; Heinonen, Olli Juhani; Korpelainen, Raija; Kotkajuuri, Jimi; Parkkari, Jari; Savonen, Kai; Uusitalo, Arja; Valtonen, Maarit; Villberg, Jari; Vähä-Ypyä, Henri; Kokko, Sami Petteri (Biomed Central, 2021)Background: Longitudinal studies demonstrate an average decline in physical activity (PA) from adolescence to young adulthood. However, while some subgroups of adolescents decrease activity, others increase or maintain ...
Kaprio, Jaakko; Bollepalli, Sailalitha; Buchwald, Jadwiga; Iso-Markku, Paula; Korhonen, Tellervo; Kovanen, Vuokko; Kujala, Urho; Laakkonen, Eija K.; Latvala, Antti; Leskinen, Tuija; Lindgren, Noora; Ollikainen, Miina; Piirtola, Maarit; Rantanen, Taina; Rinne, Juha; Rose, Richard J.; Sillanpää, Elina; Silventoinen, Karri; Sipilä, Sarianna; Viljanen, Anne; Vuoksimaa, Eero; Waller, Katja (Cambridge University Press, 2019)The older Finnish Twin Cohort (FTC) was established in 1974. The baseline survey was in 1975, with two follow-up health surveys in 1981 and 1990. The fourth wave of assessments was done in three parts, with a questionnaire ...
Physical activity, use of alcohol and smoking in middle-aged and aging men : A longitudinal study among Finnish male former athletes and controls Kontro, Titta K.; Tolvanen, Asko; Sarna, Seppo; Kaprio, Jaakko; Kujala, Urho M. (Taylor & Francis, 2021)It is not known whether decrease in physical activity (PA) is associated with binge drinking among former athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reciprocal associations between PA and use of alcohol ...