Can foliar-applied nutrients improve caraway (Carum carvi L.) seed oil composition?
Lizarazo, C. I., Lampi, A.-M., & Mäkelä, P. S. A. (2021). Can foliar-applied nutrients improve caraway (Carum carvi L.) seed oil composition?. Industrial Crops and Products, 170, Article 113793. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2021.113793
Published inIndustrial Crops and Products
© 2021 the Authors
Caraway seeds contain between 0.5–7% essential oil, rich in monoterpenes that have a characteristic aroma and chemical properties. Caraway oil has several bioactive compounds that are of industrial importance, particularly for pharmaceutical and health care products. Carvone and limonene are the main terpenes present in caraway oil, which along with some unique fatty acids (i.e. petroselinic acid) determine caraway (Carum carvi L.) oil quality. Both terpenes are important raw materials for industrial applications and their concentration influences the price of caraway seed and oil, hence there is need for identifying management practices that may increase the concentration of these and other bioactive compounds to improve caraway seed oil quality. A field experiment with five treatments: a control and a series of foliar-applied micronutrients (either Cu, Mg, Mn or Zn was done to identify their potential to enhance caraway oil quality. Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector were used to characterize oil quality. Our results indicate that while the micronutrient treatments have a significant effect on essential oil composition, both in carvone and limonene, such an effect was not found on all fatty acids but only in two of them—palmitoleic and vaccenic acid—, which were highest after the Mn treatment. Overall, the carvone content of the seeds decreased the least between years following Mn treatment. Mn treatment also caused an increase in limonene in the second year in contrast to the trend for all other treatments. The Mn foliar spray needs to be studied further to elucidate whether it could have a consistent positive effect on caraway oil seed quality upon adjusting dosage and spraying time. ...
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Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by the University of Helsinki Future Fund, NIEMI-säätiö, August Johannes ja Aino Tiuran Maatalouden Tutkimussäätiö and the Finnish Association of Academic Agronomists’ grant Suomi kasvaa ruoasta (Oiva Kuusisto Foundation).
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