Decreased intersubject synchrony in dynamic valence ratings of sad movie contents in dysphoric individuals
Li, X., Zhu, Y., Vuoriainen, E., Ye, C., & Astikainen, P. (2021). Decreased intersubject synchrony in dynamic valence ratings of sad movie contents in dysphoric individuals. Scientific Reports, 11, Article 14419. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-93825-1
Published inScientific Reports
© The Author(s) 2021
Emotional reactions to movies are typically similar between people. However, depressive symptoms decrease synchrony in brain responses. Less is known about the effect of depressive symptoms on intersubject synchrony in conscious stimulus-related processing. In this study, we presented amusing, sad and fearful movie clips to dysphoric individuals (those with elevated depressive symptoms) and control participants to dynamically rate the clips’ valences (positive vs. negative). We analysed both the valence ratings’ mean values and intersubject correlation (ISC). We used electrodermal activity (EDA) to complement the measurement in a separate session. There were no group differences in either the EDA or mean valence rating values for each movie type. As expected, the valence ratings’ ISC was lower in the dysphoric than the control group, specifically for the sad movie clips. In addition, there was a negative relationship between the valence ratings’ ISC and depressive symptoms for sad movie clips in the full sample. The results are discussed in the context of the negative attentional bias in depression. The findings extend previous brain activity results of ISC by showing that depressive symptoms also increase variance in conscious ratings of valence of stimuli in a mood-congruent manner. ...
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Publication in research information system
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Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Postdoctoral Researcher, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by the Finnish Cultural Foundation (Suomen Kulttuurirahasto, grant numbers 00150811, 00180941 and 00190910 to E.R.) and the Academy of Finland (grant number 333649 to C.Y.).
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