Navigating a communication paradox : how an Italian tourism organisation managed communication via Facebook during Covid-19
This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.
Destination marketing helps places nowadays to attract tourists and to form a positive image of the destination. However, destination marketing becomes a challenging task during the ongoing crisis. Due to the outbreak of the Covid-19 disease and implemented travel restrictions, tourism organisations faced a communication paradox: they could not perform their main task – to attract tourists. Nevertheless, they have to maintain communication on social media with the target audience, promote destinations, and navigate the paradox in communication. The call for papers from destination marketing scholars about the effect of the Covid-19 on tourism and the need for additional research on the usage of social media in crisis communication led to the development of the key objective of this thesis, which is to understand how, during the Covid-19 pandemic, the destination marketing organisation (DMO) in Italy used Facebook to navigate the paradox between (a) inviting foreigners to visit Italy and (b) telling them not to visit Italy yet because of the pandemic. In the study effect of the Covid-19 pandemic on the DMO communication is analysed with the paradox lens. Recent research suggests utilising paradox theory to study the effects of Covid-19. For the research has been selected Italy, as it was the first country to implement travel restrictions and the importance of tourism for its economy. The aim of the re- search was achieved via studying prior literature related to the topic and conducting both qualitative and quantitative analysis of Facebook posts of Italia.it community, during the first wave of the pandemic, from the 10th of March 2020 till the 3rd of June 2020. As a result of the study was found that to navigate the paradox between invitational and cautionary messages, the DMO of Italy used a key message in posts: ‘Italy comes to you’(i.e., the DMO invited followers to explore Italy via virtual tours). Thus, the pandemic restrictions have been communicated, however open invitations and cautions were avoided by the DMO. Besides, the study explored how users responded in terms of engagement to the messages communicated during the first wave of the Covid- 19 pandemic. ...
MetadataShow full item record
- Pro gradu -tutkielmat 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Ukpabi, Dandison; Quarshie, Benjamin; Karjaluoto, Heikki (Springer, 2023)The lifting of COVID-19 restrictions has led to the opening of many tourism destinations, with many destination marketing organizations (DMOs) adopting different strategies to attract tourists. This study explores the ...
Huttula, Tia; Karjaluoto, Heikki (Springer, 2023)Influencer marketing practices are growing on social media channels, while the usage of other mass-media channels is decreasing, prompting organisations to search for new tools with which to communicate efficiently with ...
Palojärvi, Terhi (2018)Tutkimuksen tarkoituksena on selvittää, kuinka markkinointia sosiaalisessa mediassa voidaan toteuttaa yritysten välisillä (business-to-business, b2b) -markkinoilla sekä miten potentiaalinen markkinointikanava sosiaalinen ...
Zhang, Boyang (University of Jyväskylä, 2017)The aim of this dissertation is to better understand the spread of issues in social media, a relatively new phenomenon that is not fully understood in academia. The phenomenon has also captured the interest of organisations, ...
Communication in turbulent times : exploring issue arenas and crisis communication to enhance organisational resilience Vos, Marita; Van der Molen, Irna; Mykkänen, Markus (University of Jyväskylä, School of Business and Economics, 2017)This book is characterised by a broad approach towards corporate communication, emphasising change and crisis. The focus is not on crises as an exceptional situation but rather on broader volatility in the environment. ...