Social Environmental Antecedents of Athletes’ Emotions
Ruiz, M. C., Appleton, P. R., Duda, J. L., Bortoli, L., & Robazza, C. (2021). Social Environmental Antecedents of Athletes’ Emotions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), Article 4997. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094997
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
The coach-created motivational climate influences variations in athletes’ motivation and emotional experiences. The present study aimed to examine social environmental antecedents of athletes’ emotions. Participants (N = 262, 52% female, M age = 22.75 ± 6.92) completed questionnaires assessing perceptions of coach-created motivational climates, goal orientations, motivation regulations, and emotions. The mediation effects of goal orientations (i.e., task/ego) and motivation regulations (i.e., autonomous/controlled) on the relationship between motivational climate (i.e., empowering/disempowering) and emotions (i.e., happiness, excitement, anxiety, dejection, and anger) were examined. Structural equation modeling revealed positive direct effects of perceptions of an empowering motivational climate on happiness. Indirect effects of empowering climate to happiness and excitement via task orientation and autonomous motivation emerged. Perceptions of a disempowering climate positively predicted anxiety, dejection, and anger via ego orientation and controlled motivation. Overall, the findings have implications for coach education as they highlight the importance of creating more empowering environments and avoiding or reducing social comparisons. ...
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Additional information about fundingThis research received no external funding.
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