Gender differences in child and adolescent daily activities : A cross-national time use study
Gracia, P., Garcia-Roman, J., Oinas, T., & Anttila, T. (2022). Gender differences in child and adolescent daily activities : A cross-national time use study. Acta Sociologica, 65(1), 41-65. https://doi.org/10.1177/00016993211008500
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© 2021 the Authors
This study used 2009–2015 time-diary data to examine gender differences in daily activities among children and adolescents aged 10–17 in Finland, Spain and the UK (N = 3517). In all three countries, boys were significantly more involved in screen-based activities and exercising and girls in domestic work, non-screen educational activities and personal care. Gender differences in socializing time were only significant in the UK, with girls socializing more than boys. Gender gaps within countries were largest in domestic work (UK: 60%; Finland: 58%; Spain: 48%) and exercising (UK: 57%; Finland: 36%; Spain: 27%), followed by educational time (UK: 35%; Finland: 34%; Spain: 18%) and screen-based activities (UK: 31%; Finland: 16%; Spain: 16%), and lower in personal care (UK: 27%; Finland: 21%; Spain: 14%) and socializing (UK; 21%; Finland: 13%; Spain: 6%). Two-way country-gender interactions in children’s activities were statistically significant when comparing Spain and the UK on screen-based activities, socializing, and personal care, with larger gender gaps in the UK than in Spain. By contrast, gender differences in child time use between Finland and either Spain or UK were not statistically significant. The complex role of national contexts and life-course stages in shaping gendered time-use patterns is discussed. ...
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Additional information about funding(1) Pablo Gracia contributed to the study with financial suport from the DIGYMATEX project (Grantagreement ID: 870578), funded by the European Commission H2020 within the call ‘DT-TRANSFORMATIONS-07-2019 - The impact of technological transformations on children and youth’; (2) Joan Garcia-Roman contributedto the study with financial support from the Ram ́on y Cajal programme (RYC2018-024808-I) and Global FamilyTrends: Gender, Social and Regional Inequalities (GLOBFAM) (RTI2018-096730-B-I00). ...
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