Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorRosso, Valeria
dc.contributor.authorLinnamo, Vesa
dc.contributor.authorVanlandewijck, Yves
dc.contributor.authorRapp, Walter
dc.contributor.authorFasel, Benedikt
dc.contributor.authorKarczewska-Lindinger, Magdalena
dc.contributor.authorLindinger, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorGastaldi, Laura
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-31T11:18:44Z
dc.date.available2021-03-31T11:18:44Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationRosso, V., Linnamo, V., Vanlandewijck, Y., Rapp, W., Fasel, B., Karczewska-Lindinger, M., Lindinger, S., & Gastaldi, L. (2021). Evaluating objective measures of impairment to trunk strength and control for cross-country sit skiing. <i>Sports Engineering</i>, <i>24</i>, Article 6. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-021-00342-5" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-021-00342-5</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_52622509
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/74916
dc.description.abstractIn Paralympic cross-country sit skiing, athlete classification is performed by an expert panel, so it may be affected by subjectivity. An evidence-based classification is required, in which objective measures of impairment must be identified. The purposes of this study were: (i) to evaluate the reliability of 5 trunk strength measures and 18 trunk control measures developed for the purposes of classification; (ii) to rank the objective measures, according to the largest effects on perfor-mance. Using a new testing device, 14 elite sit-skiers performed two upright seated press tests and one simulated poling test to evaluate trunk strength. They were also subjected to unpredictable balance perturbations to measure trunk control. Tests were repeated on two separate days and test–retest reliability of trunk strength and trunk control measures was evalu-ated. A cluster analysis was run and correlation was evaluated, including all strength and control measures, to identify the measures that contributed most to clustering participants. Intraclass correlations coefficients (ICC) were 0.71 < ICC < 0.98 and 0.83 < ICC < 0.99 for upright seated press and perturbations, respectively. Cluster analysis identified three clusters with relevance for strength and balance control measures. For strength, in upright seated press peak anterior pushing force without backrest (effect size = 0.77) and ratio of peak anterior pushing force without and with backrest (effect size = 0.72) were significant. For balance control measures, trunk range of motion in forward (effect size = 0.81) and backward (effect size = 0.75) perturbations also contributed. High correlations (− 0.76 < r < − 0.53) were found between strength and control measures. The new testing device, protocol, and the cluster analysis show promising results in assessing impairment of trunk strength and control to empower an evidence-based classification.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSports Engineering
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherevidence-based classification
dc.subject.otherparalympics
dc.subject.othersitting sport
dc.subject.othercore stability
dc.subject.othernordic skiing
dc.titleEvaluating objective measures of impairment to trunk strength and control for cross-country sit skiing
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202103312248
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineBiomekaniikkafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineBiomechanicsen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn1369-7072
dc.relation.volume24
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2021
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysovoimantuotto (fysiologia)
dc.subject.ysobiomekaniikka
dc.subject.ysohiihto
dc.subject.ysokehonhallinta
dc.subject.ysovammaisurheilu
dc.subject.ysoparalympialaiset
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p25323
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p20292
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p11094
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p24041
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p25148
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3094
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1007/s12283-021-00342-5
jyx.fundinginformationOpen access funding provided by Politecnico di Torino within the CRUI-CARE Agreement. The authors would thank the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (OKM/51/626/2015) and IPC for approving this research and for financial support.


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

CC BY 4.0
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0