Social Ecological Model of Problem Gambling : A Cross-National Survey Study of Young People in the United States, South Korea, Spain, and Finland
Oksanen, A., Sirola, A., Savolainen, I., Koivula, A., Kaakinen, M., Vuorinen, I., Zych, I., & Paek, H.-J. (2021). Social Ecological Model of Problem Gambling : A Cross-National Survey Study of Young People in the United States, South Korea, Spain, and Finland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(6), Article 3220. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063220
© 2021 the Authors
Problem gambling among young people is an emerging trend globally. The online environment in particular offers various possibilities for gambling engagement. This is the first cross-national survey study using the social ecological model to analyze problem gambling, especially in the online context. The study aimed to analyze how different social ecological spheres explain problem gambling. Participants were young people aged 15–25 in the United States (n = 1212), South Korea (n = 1192), Spain (n = 1212), and Finland (n = 1200). The South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) instrument measured problem gambling. The regression models analyzed problem gambling with measures of intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, and societal spheres. Spanish participants had the highest SOGS score for problem gambling. In all countries, the variations in problem gambling were best explained by the organizational sphere measures (26%) when compared to the intrapersonal (11%), interpersonal (5%), and societal (3%) spheres. In the full model, the organizational sphere measures had strong associations with problem gambling. These included consumer debt, online gambling community participation, online casino participation, and exposure to online pop-up advertisements. Problem gambling was also associated with conformity to group norms in the interpersonal sphere, and male gender and impulsivity in the intrapersonal sphere. Cross-national results were similar in different countries. Within the final model, gambling community participation had the strongest association with problem gambling (β = 0.23, p < 0.001). The online context plays a major role in problem gambling behavior. The social ecological model is a useful tool for tackling problem gambling and developing preventative measures. ...
Dataset(s) related to the publicationhttp://urn.ﬁ/urn:nbn:ﬁ:fsd:T-FSD3399
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Additional information about fundingThe Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies, Problem Gambling, and Social Media Project 2017–2020 funded this research. PI: Professor Atte Oksanen.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Savolainen, Iina; Sirola, Anu; Vuorinen, Ilkka; Mantere, Eerik; Oksanen, Atte (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2022)Purpose of Review The internet and virtual environments have enabled the formation of online communities around a variety of interests. Online communities focused on gambling are increasingly popular and attract users to ...
Kligler-Vilenchik, Neta; Tenenboim-Weinblatt, Keren; Boczkowski, Pablo J.; Hayashi, Kaori; Mitchelstein, Eugenia; Villi, Mikko (SAGE Publications, 2022)While political communication scholarship has long underscored the importance of political talk—casual conversations about news and politics that occur in everyday situations—as a way for citizens to clarify their opinions ...
Cross‐national validation of the Social Media Disorder‐scale : Findings from adolescents from 44 countries Boer, Maartje; Eijnden, Regina J. J. M.; Finkenauer, Catrin; Boniel‐Nissim, Meyran; Marino, Claudia; Inchley, Jo; Cosma, Alina; Paakkari, Leena; Stevens, Gonneke W. J. M. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2022)Background and aims There is currently no cross-national validation of a scale that measures problematic social media use (SMU). The present study investigated and compared the psychometric properties of the Social Media ...
How Are Adolescents Sleeping? Adolescent Sleep Patterns and Sociodemographic Differences in 24 European and North American Countries Gariepy, Genevieve; Danna, Sofia; Gobiņa, Inese; Rasmussen, Mette; Gaspar de Matos, Margarida; Tynjälä, Jorma; Janssen, Ian; Kalman, Michal; Villeruša, Anita; Husarova, Daniela; Brooks, Fiona; Elgar, Frank J.; Klavina-Makrecka, Solvita; Šmigelskas, Kastytis; Gaspar, Tania; Schnohr, Christina (Elsevier, 2020)Purpose Insufficient and poor sleep patterns are common among adolescents worldwide. Up to now, the evidence on adolescent sleep has been mostly informed by country-specific studies that used different measures and age ...
National-Level Wealth Inequality and Socioeconomic Inequality in Adolescent Mental Well-Being : A Time Series Analysis of 17 Countries Dierckens, Maxim; Weinberg, Dominic; Huang, Yanyan; Elgar, Frank; Moor, Irene; Augustine, Lilly; Lyyra, Nelli; Deforche, Benedicte; De Clercq, Bart; Stevens, Gonneke W.J.M.; Currie, Candace (Elsevier, 2020)Purpose Although previous research has established a positive association between national income inequality and socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent health, very little is known about the extent to which national-level ...