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dc.contributor.authorSääkslahti, Arja
dc.contributor.authorNiemistö, Donna
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-31T05:32:20Z
dc.date.available2021-03-31T05:32:20Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationSääkslahti, A., & Niemistö, D. (2021). Outdoor activities and motor development in 2–7-year-old boys and girls. <i>Journal of Physical Education and Sport</i>, <i>21</i>(SI1), 463-468. <a href="https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2021.s1047" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2021.s1047</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_52610829
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/74900
dc.description.abstractProblem Statement: Parents of young children favor indoor activities for their children, because staying inside supports comfortable daily routines in the family timetable, safety issues and clothing. However, playing outdoors supports children’s development, offering multiple challenges to overcome and the possibility to learn new skills. Approach: Based on Gibson’s theory of affordances (1977), outdoors can be seen as an excellent learning environment for children to reach the zone of proximal development (Vygotsky, 1987). Purpose: This paper describes Finnish nature and four seasons as an environment to support children’s motor development and inspire outdoor playing. The Skilled kids participants (N= 1136, 2- to 7-year-old children) were chosen by cluster randomization from childcare centers representing young children’s motor competence in geographically different parts of Finland. Children’s motor competence was measured with the Test of Gross Motor Development, TGMD-3 (Ulrich, 2019). Results: Young children living in countryside and in small cities had better motor competence and spent more time playing outdoors than children living in metropolitan area. This difference in the amount of outdoor play and the motor competence underlines the importance of outdoor facilities. The description of the Finnish outdoor environment, such as forest, water, snow and ice, reveals environmental factors that may attract and motivate children to challenge their motor abilities. Therefore, the environment can support physically active playing, increasing young children’s overall physical activity and motor competence. Conclusions: Versatile environments stimulate children’s motor development. Parents and teachers of young children should be encouraged to let their children play outdoors during all seasons in different weather conditions. Appropriate clothing guarantees free playing, daily timetables in day care should allow outdoor playing sessions, and outdoor play yards should have large area with different affordances for children’s free use.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherEditura Universitatea din Pitești
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Physical Education and Sport
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subject.othermotor competence
dc.subject.otherchildren
dc.subject.otheroutdoor playing
dc.subject.otherenvironment
dc.subject.otherphysical activity
dc.titleOutdoor activities and motor development in 2–7-year-old boys and girls
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202103312232
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineLiikuntapedagogiikkafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineSport Pedagogyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange463-468
dc.relation.issn2247-8051
dc.relation.numberinseriesSI1
dc.relation.volume21
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2021 JPES
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoesikouluikäiset
dc.subject.ysolapset (ikäryhmät)
dc.subject.ysoulkoliikunta
dc.subject.ysofyysinen ympäristö
dc.subject.ysoluonnonympäristö
dc.subject.ysoleikkiminen
dc.subject.ysomotorinen kehitys
dc.subject.ysomotoriset taidot
dc.subject.ysofyysinen aktiivisuus
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p6911
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p4354
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p26619
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p13726
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p17180
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p316
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p16770
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p24478
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p23102
dc.rights.urlhttp://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/?language=en
dc.relation.doi10.7752/jpes.2021.s1047


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