Eight Simple Guidelines for Improved Understanding of Transformations and Nonlinear Effects
Rönkkö, M., Aalto, E., Tenhunen, H., & Aguirre-Urreta, M. I. (2022). Eight Simple Guidelines for Improved Understanding of Transformations and Nonlinear Effects. Organizational Research Methods, 25(1), 48-87. https://doi.org/10.1177/1094428121991907
Published inOrganizational Research Methods
DisciplineBasic or discovery scholarshipStrategia ja yrittäjyysBasic or discovery scholarshipStrategy and Entrepreneurship
© The Author(s) 2021
Transforming variables before analysis or applying a transformation as a part of a generalized linear model are common practices in organizational research. Several methodological articles addressing the topic, either directly or indirectly, have been published in the recent past. In this article, we point out a few misconceptions about transformations and propose a set of eight simple guidelines for addressing them. Our main argument is that transformations should not be chosen based on the nature or distribution of the individual variables but based on the functional form of the relationship between two or more variables that is expected from theory or discovered empirically. Building on a systematic review of six leading management journals, we point to several ways the specification and interpretation of nonlinear models can be improved.
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- Kauppakorkeakoulu 
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Postdoctoral Researcher, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis research was supported in part by a Grant from the Academy of Finland (Grant 311309).
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