Minding the Gaps : The Role of Finnish Civil Society Organizations in the Labour Market Integration of Migrants
Bontenbal, I., & Lillie, N. (2021). Minding the Gaps : The Role of Finnish Civil Society Organizations in the Labour Market Integration of Migrants. Voluntas, 33(5), 862-871. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-021-00334-w
© The Author(s) 2021
The growing role of civil society organizations (CSOs) in welfare service provision is sometimes portrayed as a threat to welfare state universalism in Nordic societies. In Finland, CSOs co-produce integration services alongside comprehensive official integration programmes, compensating for gaps and shortcomings in those services. We identify three “gaps”, which are (1) limited availability of services in terms of time and target group, (2) lack of direct labour market contacts and (3) limited flexibility to serve individual needs. We assess how CSOs target these gaps with their service offerings through qualitative interviews with policy implementers, CSO workers and migrants. However, CSOs’ role in labour market integration is inherently limited by their services being small scale, short term and project based. We find that due to their independence and limited role, CSOs operate synergistically with official services, extending rather than undermining universalism.
migrant labour market integration active labour market services for migrants co-production role of CSOs welfare state universalism maahanmuuttajat julkiset palvelut kansalaisyhteiskunta kansalaisjärjestöt hyvinvointipalvelut työmarkkinat kotouttaminen (maahanmuuttajat) hyvinvointivaltio kolmas sektori rooli (tehtävä)
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Related funder(s)European Commission
The content of the publication reflects only the author’s view. The funder is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.
Additional information about fundingOpen access funding provided by University of Jyväskylä (JYU). We acknowledge the financial assistance of a European Union, Horizon 2020 Research programme H2020-SC6-REVINEQUAL2017 Project reference: 770515.
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