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dc.contributor.authorSaint-Martin, Samira V.
dc.contributor.authorTurner, Martin J
dc.contributor.authorRuiz, Montse C.
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-08T11:29:40Z
dc.date.available2021-02-08T11:29:40Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationSaint-Martin, S. V., Turner, M. J., & Ruiz, M. C. (2020). Mental preparation of olympic and paralympic swimmers : performance-related cognitions and emotions, and the techniques used to manage them. <i>Journal of Physical Education and Sport</i>, <i>20</i>(6), 3569-3578. <a href="https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.06481" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.06481</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_47733893
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/74023
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The present study investigated the cognitions and emotions of swimmers,and explored the psychological techniques they use to manage these internal processes prior to and during their best and worst performances. Method: Seven Paralympic and five Olympic male Brazilian swimmers took part in this qualitative study. A semi-structured interview with open-ended questions was conducted to explore how swimmers interpreted and experienced specific competitive events and what they did to manage their internal processes, prior to and during what they considered to be their best and worst performances. The process of data analysis included inductive and deductive approaches. Cognitive therapy theory was used to establish some of the themes and sub-themes, also to contribute to the data analysis.Results: Functional cognitions and pleasant emotions were more commonly reported by swimmers associated to their best performances, whilst dysfunctional cognitions and unpleasant emotions were more common in their worst performances, both influenced by their beliefs about the preparation during the season.Swimmers used imagery, breathing, music, self-talk, and cognitive restructuring to manage their cognitions and emotions, mainly in the day of their best performances. Although swimmers believed that cognitions and emotions could influence their performances, they reported difficulty identifying, evaluating, and modifying their dysfunctional thinking. Conclusion:Our findings suggest that different patterns of cognitions and emotions were related to swimmers’ best and worst performances, which were influenced by their beliefs about the preparation during the season.These results support the use of individualized and task-specific mental preparation programs to help athletes identify and manage dysfunctional cognitions and emotions, and elicit adaptive behaviorsen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherUniversity of Pitești
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Physical Education and Sport
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subject.otherpsychological techniques
dc.subject.othercognitive model
dc.subject.otherCBTs
dc.subject.otherathletic performance
dc.titleMental preparation of olympic and paralympic swimmers : performance-related cognitions and emotions, and the techniques used to manage them
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202102081464
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineLiikuntapsykologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineSport and Exercise Psychologyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange3569-3578
dc.relation.issn2247-8051
dc.relation.numberinseries6
dc.relation.volume20
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© JPES, 2020
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoliikuntapsykologia
dc.subject.ysourheilukilpailut
dc.subject.ysotunteet
dc.subject.ysouimarit
dc.subject.ysohuippu-urheilijat
dc.subject.ysokilpaurheilu
dc.subject.ysoitsesäätely
dc.subject.ysopsyykkinen valmennus
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3807
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p1934
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3485
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p20550
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p25224
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p18818
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p14462
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3806
dc.rights.urlhttp://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/?language=en
dc.relation.doi10.7752/jpes.2020.06481


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