Haemoglobin, iron status and lung function of adolescents participating in organised sports in the Finnish Health Promoting Sports Club Study
Toivo, K., Kannus, P., Kokko, S., Alanko, L., Heinonen, O. J., Korpelainen, R., Savonen, K., Selänne, H., Vasankari, T., Kannas, L., Kujala, U. M., Villberg, J., Niemelä, O., & Parkkari, J. (2020). Haemoglobin, iron status and lung function of adolescents participating in organised sports in the Finnish Health Promoting Sports Club Study. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 6(1), Article e000804. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2020-000804
Published inBMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
DisciplineLiikuntalääketiedeTerveyskasvatusSports and Exercise MedicineHealth Promotion and Health Education
© Authors, 2020
Objectives: To compare laboratory test results and lung function of adolescent organised sports participants (SP) with non-participants (NP). Methods: In this cross-sectional study, laboratory tests (haemoglobin, iron status), and flow-volume spirometry were performed on SP youths (199 boys, 203 girls) and their NP peers (62 boys, 114 girls) aged 14-17. Results: Haemoglobin concentration <120/130 g/L was found in 5.8% of SP and 5.1% NP (OR 1.20, 95% CI 0.54 to 2.68). Ferritin concentration below 15 µg/L was found in 22.7% of both SP and NP girls. Among boys ferritin <30 µg/L was found in 26.5% of SP and 30.2% of NP (OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.40 to 1.47). Among SP iron supplement use was reported by 3.5% of girls and 1.5% of boys. In flow-volume spirometry with bronchodilation test, 7.0% of SP and 6.4% of NP had asthma-like findings (OR 1.17, 95% CI 0.54 to 2.54); those using asthma medication, that is, 9.8% of SP and 5.2% of NP were excluded from the analysis. Conclusions: Screening for iron deficiency is recommended for symptomatic persons and persons engaging in sports. Lung function testing is recommended for symptomatic persons and persons participating in sports in which asthma is more prevalent. ...
PublisherBMJ Publishing Group Ltd; British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine
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