The Potentials of Tangible Technologies for Learning Linear Equations
Lehtonen, Daranee; Machado, Lucas; Joutsenlahti, Jorma; Perkkilä, Päivi (2020). The Potentials of Tangible Technologies for Learning Linear Equations. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction, 4 (4), 77. DOI: 10.3390/mti4040077
Published inMultimodal Technologies and Interaction
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Tangible technologies provide interactive links between the physical and digital worlds, thereby merging the benefits of physical and virtual manipulatives. To explore the potentials of tangible technologies for learning linear equations, a tangible manipulative (TM) was designed and developed. A prototype of the initial TM was implemented and evaluated using mixed methods (i.e., classroom interventions, paper-based tests, thinking aloud sessions, questionnaires, and interviews) in real classroom settings. Six teachers, 24 primary school students, and 65 lower secondary school students participated in the exploratory study. The quantitative and qualitative analysis revealed that the initial TM supported student learning at various levels and had a positive impact on their learning achievement. Moreover, its overall usability was also accepted. Some minor improvements with regard to its pedagogy and usability could be implemented. These findings indicate that the initial TM is likely to be beneficial for linear equation learning in pre-primary to lower secondary schools and be usable in mathematics classrooms. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. ...