When is money not a currency? Developments from Finland of proto-community currencies
Petz, M. (2020). When is money not a currency? Developments from Finland of proto-community currencies. International Journal of Community Currency Research, 24(2), 30-53. https://doi.org/10.15133/j.ijccr.2020.0010
Published inInternational Journal of Community Currency Research
© Author, 2020
The article is a case study of several digitally based schemes recently operating in Finland where some functions and properties of money are evident. While working effectively as designed, they do not fully meet the criteria of a well-functioning community currency. The schemes include: sysmä, a digitally based hyperlocal system of account introduced by the rural Sysmä municipality; Pisteet kotiin®, a housing association points system in the city of Tampere, copied from a working Dutch model; BookMooch, a global book-swapping site that has extended its operations throughout Finland. Explored in the article are the institutional enabling and inhibitory factors and implications for and from other community currency projects. Data was collected by participant observation and semi-structured interviews in all schemes. Additional media surveying, internet webscrapes and online surveying supplemented this data. Along with the demarcation problem between currency and money, the technical issues about scale and purpose, if such schemes are to develop their offerings to become fully fledged currencies, are considered. The concept of “current-see” proposed by the MetaCurrency Project, is used as a lens to evaluate if the schemes achieve their purpose and whether further development is desirable or possible. The concept of a proto-community currency is developed. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Sysmä Community Currency : An Analysis of its Success from the Perspectives of Purposes, Stakeholders and Promotion Petz, Marcus; Eskelinen, Teppo (Mendel University in Brno; Sciendo, 2019)Artikkeli on tapaustutkimus paikallisrahajärjestelmästä, jota kokeiltiin äskettäin maalaisympäristössä Sysmän kunnassa. Paikallisraha on yksi innovaatiivisista aloitteista, joita kunta on tehnyt tällä vuosituhannella ...
Hirsjärvi, Irma; Kovala, Urpo; Ruotsalainen, Maria (University of Wales, 2016)This paper focuses on the search of interpretative communities across and amongst the Nordics. First the idea of shared ‘Nordic mode of reception’ between the three Nordic countries which participated to the World Hobbit ...
Developing an integrated Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) pathway in Central Finland Moate, Josephine (Soveltavan kielentutkimuksen keskus, Jyväskylän yliopisto; Kielikoulutuspolitiikan verkosto, 2017)This article outlines the CLIL educational pathway that has been developed by a teacher community in Jyväskylä in recent years. This pathway was initially developed in 2009 yet it continues to evolve in the light of curricula ...
Dancing with Alternative Lyrics : Integrating Sociocultural, Dialogical, Distributed and Dynamical Conceptualization of Language and its Development for L2 Studies Karimi Aghdam, Saeed; Dufva, Hannele; Lähteenmäki, Mika (Suomen soveltavan kielitieteen yhdistys, 2016)This paper sets out to chart underlying assumptions and fundamental axioms of an integrative research edifice for studying language and how it is developed over time as a human- and culture-centered and multifaceted ...
Brain drain and the gulf in world labor market : an analysis of employment conditions of highly skilled Pakistanis in Finland’s ICT sector Khan, Jawaria (2018)Brain drain is a term referring to the phenomenon of international transfer of human capital resources. It means that the most skilled, talented and highly educated people of developing nations migrate to developed countries ...