3D Printed Palladium Catalyst for Suzuki-Miyaura Cross-coupling Reactions
Haukka, M., Bulatov, E., Lahtinen, E., Kivijärvi, L., & Hey-Hawkins, E. (2020). 3D Printed Palladium Catalyst for Suzuki-Miyaura Cross-coupling Reactions. ChemCatChem, 12(9), 4831-4838. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.202000806
© 2020 The Authors. Published by Wiley-VCH GmbH
Selective laser sintering (SLS) 3d printing was utilized to manufacture solid catalyst for Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reactions from polypropylene as a base material and palladium nanoparticles on silica (SilicaCat Pd0 R815-100 by SiliCycle) as the catalytically active additive. The 3d printed catalyst showed similar activity to that of the pristine powdery commercial catalyst, but with improved practical recoverability and reduced leaching of palladium into solution. Recycling of the printed catalyst led to increase of the induction period of the reactions, attributed to the pseudo-homogeneous catalysis. The reaction is initiated by oxidative addition of aryl iodide to palladium nanoparticles, resulting in formation of soluble molecular species, which then act as the homogeneous catalyst. SLS 3d printing improves handling, overall practicality and recyclability of the catalyst without altering the chemical behaviour of the active component.