Cohort differences in maximal physical performance : a comparison of 75- and 80-year-old men and women born 28 years apart
Koivunen, K., Sillanpää, E., Munukka, M., Portegijs, E., & Rantanen, T. (2021). Cohort differences in maximal physical performance : a comparison of 75- and 80-year-old men and women born 28 years apart. Journals of Gerontology Series A : Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 76(7), 1251-1259. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glaa224
© 2020 the Authors
Whether increased life expectancy is accompanied by increased functional capacity in older people at specific ages is unclear. We compared similar validated measures of maximal physical performance in two population-based older cohorts born and assessed 28 years apartParticipants in the first cohort were born in 1910 and 1914 and were assessed at age 75 and 80 years, respectively (N=500, participation rate 77\\%). Participants in the second cohort were born in 1938 or 1939 and 1942 or 1943 and were assessed at age 75 and 80 years, respectively (N=726, participation rate 40\\%). Participants were recruited using a population register and all community-dwelling persons in the target area were eligible. Both cohorts were interviewed at home and examined at the research center with identical protocols. Maximal walking speed, maximal isometric grip and knee extension strength, lung function measurements; forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) were assessed. Data on non-participation were systematically collectedWalking speed was on average 0.2-0.4 m/s faster in the later than earlier cohort. In grip strength, the improvements were 5-25\\%, and in knee extension strength 20-47\\%. In FVC, the improvements were 14-21\\% and in FEV1 0-14\\%The later cohort showed markedly and meaningfully higher results in the maximal functional capacity tests, suggesting that currently 75- and 80-year old people in Finland are living to older ages nowadays with better physical functioning. ...
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)
secular trends birth cohorts functional capacity forced expiratory volume function forced vital capacity Finland life expectancy respiratory physiology pulmonary function test solder adult birth pulmonary function community walking speed extension of knee rip strength physical function toimintakyky elinajanodote fyysinen toimintakyky ikääntyneet kohorttitutkimus kävely suorituskyky
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Related funder(s)European Commission; Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Academy Project, AoF
The content of the publication reflects only the author’s view. The funder is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.
Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by the European Research Council (grant number 693045 to TR) and the Academy of Finland (grant number 310526 to TR). The Evergreen 1 project has been supported by the Academy of Finland, Finnish Social Insurance Institution, Finnish Ministry of Education, Finnish Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, City of Jyväskylä, and the Association of Finnish Lion Clubs and the Scandinavian Red Feather Project. The content of this manuscript does not reflect the official opinion of the European Union. Responsibility for the information and views expressed in the manuscript lies entirely with the authors. Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/biomedgerontology/advance-artic ...
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