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dc.contributor.authorPikkarainen, Aila
dc.description.abstractThe dissertation examines the agency of older adults in group-based rehabilitation using the subject-centred sociocultural approach to agency (SCSC). The overarching research questions of the dissertation were as follows: 1) How was the agency of older people manifested at the beginning and at the end of rehabilitation? 2) How did the agency of older adults appear in the discourses of rehabilitation professionals? 3) What kind of individual and contextual factors appeared in the agency of older adults in rehabilitation? The research data consisted of individual observational data selected from the action research data of the IKKU project (Kela, 2009–2013) concerning the initial (n = 11) and final phase (n = 38) of rehabilitation. In addition, the study comprised data from a rehabilitation workers’ focus group discussions (n = 6) in the same project. Qualitative content analysis and discourse analysis were utilized in the study. The results showed how the individual agency of older adults was attached to four types of temporal orientation at the beginning of rehabilitation: fractured agency of timelessness, the frozen agency of the past, the practical agency of the present, and transitional agency of the whole life course. In the end phase, fractured, selective, widening, and renewed agency emerged as related to the life course and peer experiences of older adults. In the discourses of rehabilitation professionals, evaluation, counselling, risk, otherness, and insightfulness were identified. In these, the agency of older adults was attached to the contexts of social and health care, learning and change, and professional work. Overall, the individual (temporality and life course) and contextual (discourses of professionals and peer relations) dimensions in SCSC-approach produced older adults´ unique agency in rehabilitation. The results of the study suggest that the rehabilitation of older adults should be based on an agency approach in which the contextual, sociocultural factors of rehabilitation are addressed alongside individual subject-centred factors. The agency approach to rehabilitation means the identification of individual rehabilitation goals, a flexible rehabilitation process, and the transfer of rehabilitation outcomes to post-rehabilitation life are viewed as dynamic, interdependent processes consisting of individual and contextual factors. Agency-based rehabilitation thus complements the traditional functional-based approach to rehabilitation.en
dc.publisherJyväskylän yliopisto
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJYU dissertations
dc.relation.haspart<b>Artikkeli I:</b> Pikkarainen, A., Vähäsantanen, K., Paloniemi, S. & Eteläpelto, A. (2015). Older rehabilitees´ lifecourse agency in Finnish gerontological rehabilitation. <i>Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 22(6), 424-434.</i> <a href=""target="_blank"> DOI: 10.3109/11038128.2015.1057221</a>
dc.relation.haspart<b>Artikkeli II:</b> Pikkarainen, A., Vähäsantanen, K., Paloniemi, S. & Eteläpelto, A. (2019). Rehabilitation agency of older adults in group-based in-tervention. <i>Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 26(6), 411–422.</i> <a href=" "target="_blank"> DOI: 10.1080/11038128.2018.1424237</a>
dc.relation.haspart<b>Artikkeli III:</b> Pikkarainen, A., Hökkä. P., Vähäsantanen, K., Paloniemi, S. & Ete-läpelto, A. (2019). Ikääntyneet aikuiset kuntoutustyöntekijöiden puheessa. Työn kohteesta osallistuvaksi aikuiseksi? <i>Aikuiskasvatus 39(3), 194–210. </i> <a href=" "target="_blank"> DOI: 10.33336/aik.85709</a>
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subjectkvalitatiivinen tutkimus.
dc.titleIkääntyneiden aikuisten toimijuus kuntoutuksessa
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.rights.copyright© The Author & University of Jyväskylä

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