Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorPolku, Hannele
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-13T13:11:39Z
dc.date.available2020-05-13T13:11:39Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.isbn978-951-39-8165-5
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/68971
dc.description.abstractDifficulty in hearing is common among older adults and may complicate engagement in everyday life situations, thereby reducing quality of life. In this study, I examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between older adults’ hearing difficulties and life-space mobility and, whether this association is modified by use of a hearing aid. Moreover, I studied the associations of older adults’ quality of life with hearing difficulties and hearing sensitivity, and the association between life-space mobility and depressive symptoms. This study forms part of the “Life-Space Mobility in Old Age” (LISPE) -study with community-dwelling older adults aged 75 to 90 years. In total, 848 older adults took part in the baseline measurements, 816 in the first follow-up one year later and 761 in the second follow-up two years after the baseline. Additionally, a random sample of 169 persons drawn from the LISPE baseline cohort participated in a substudy, which included audiometric measurements. Information on perceived hearing difficulties and perceived benefit from hearing aid use, life-space mobility, quality of life and depressive symptoms were based on self-reports. Older adults who experienced more hearing difficulties in different everyday situations reported lower life-space mobility than those who reported no hearing difficulties. At the two-year follow-up, the presence of hearing difficulties compared to not having hearing difficulties doubled the risk for reporting life-space limited to nearby areas only. Participants who perceived hearing aid use as more beneficial reported higher life-space mobility than those who perceived hearing aid use as less beneficial. Perceived hearing difficulties in different daily situations were associated with poorer quality of life, whereas audiometrically measured hearing showed no association with quality of life. Lower life-space mobility correlated with a higher number of depressive symptoms. The results of the present study indicate that hearing difficulties typically experienced in old age are associated with poorer quality of life and less involvement in everyday life-situations, which in turn coincides with a higher number of depressive symptoms. Better understanding of these links may help in developing interventions to support positive life experiences among people with hearing difficulties, restricted life-space and depressive symptoms.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherJyväskylän yliopisto
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJYU dissertations
dc.relation.haspart<b>Artikkeli I:</b> Polku, H., Mikkola, T., Rantakokko, M., Portegijs, E., Törmäkangas, T., Rantanen, T., & Viljanen, A. (2015). Self-reported hearing difficulties and changes in life-space mobility among community-dwelling older adults: a Two-year follow-Up study. <i>BMC Geriatrics, 15, 121.</i> DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-015-0119-8"target="_blank"> 10.1186/s12877-015-0119-8</a>
dc.relation.haspart<b>Artikkeli II:</b> Polku, H., Mikkola, T., Gagné, J.-P., Rantakokko, M., Portegijs, E., Rantanen, T., & Viljanen, A. (2018). Perceived Benefit From Hearing Aid Use and Life-Space Mobility Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults. <i>Journal of Aging and Health, 30 (3), 408-420.</i> DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264316680435"target="_blank"> 10.1177/0898264316680435</a>. JYX: <a href="https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/62472"target="_blank"> jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/62472</a>.
dc.relation.haspart<b>Artikkeli III:</b> Polku, H., Mikkola, T., Rantakokko, M., Portegijs, E., Törmäkangas, T., Rantanen, T., & Viljanen, A. (2018). Hearing and Quality of Life Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults. <i>Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 73 (3), 543-552.</i> DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbw045"target="_blank"> 10.1093/geronb/gbw045</a>
dc.relation.haspart<b>Artikkeli IV:</b> Polku, H., Mikkola, T., Portegijs, E., Rantakokko, M., Kokko, K., Kauppinen, M., . . . , & Viljanen, A. (2015). Life-space mobility and dimensions of depressive symptoms among community-dwelling older adults. <i>Aging and Mental Health, 19 (9), 781-789.</i> DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2014.977768"target="_blank"> 10.1080/13607863.2014.977768</a>. JYX: <a href="https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/49896"target="_blank"> jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/49896</a>.
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subjectikääntyneet
dc.subjecthuonokuuloisuus
dc.subjectelämänlaatu
dc.subjectelinolot
dc.subjecthyvinvointi
dc.subjectmasennus
dc.subjectkuulo
dc.subjectkuulokojeet
dc.subjectfyysinen aktiivisuus
dc.subjectliikkuvuus
dc.subjectaktiivisuus
dc.subjectosallistuminen
dc.subjectarki
dc.subjectpsyykkinen toimintakyky
dc.subjecttoimintakyky
dc.subjectkuulovaikeudet
dc.subjectliikkumisaktiivisuus
dc.subjectarkielämä
dc.subjectimpaired hearing
dc.subjecthearing aid
dc.subjectlife-space mobility
dc.subjectquality of life
dc.subjectold age
dc.titleAssociations of hearing difficulties, life-space mobility, quality of life and depressive symptoms among older adults
dc.typeDiss.
dc.identifier.urnURN:ISBN:978-951-39-8165-5
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.relation.issn2489-9003
dc.rights.copyright© The Author & University of Jyväskylä
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccess
dc.type.publicationdoctoralThesis
dc.subject.ysohearing lossen
dc.subject.ysoageingen
dc.subject.ysosense of hearingen
dc.subject.ysodepression (mental disorders)en
dc.subject.ysoquality of lifeen
dc.subject.ysohuonokuuloisuusfi
dc.subject.ysoikääntyminenfi
dc.subject.ysokuulofi
dc.subject.ysomasennusfi
dc.subject.ysoelämänlaatufi
dc.format.contentfulltext
dc.rights.urlhttps://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

In Copyright
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as In Copyright